Worms in humans: symptoms and treatment

Worms called parasites, which live in humans and some animals. Scientifically helminthes is denoted by the worms and the disease is called helminths or helminthic infestation.

Parasites can settle in any organ of man. In the vast majority of cases, a favorite place of helminths is the gastro-intestinal tract, some types of parasites settle in the liver and lungs. Much less common are parasites that live in the uterus in women, in the eyeball and muscle tissue.

Worms in humans – a disease that provokes a number of adverse symptoms, as the worms interfere with the function of internal organs and systems, lead to the concomitant pathologies are difficult therapy for parasitic diseases.

worms

You need to consider how to multiply the worms, and the worms where you live? How to diagnose helminth infections, and what is the treatment for worms? And also learn what to do if a patient tells me that I have settled in the body the parasites?

About worms: causes

Unfortunately, the worms in man is not uncommon. And infection is not dependent on age group of patient, sex (there are women, men and children), compliance with basic hygiene rules.

Undoubtedly, the person who cares about their health, washing vegetables and fruits, do not drink unboiled water, is less susceptible to helminthiasis, but still they are not insured. Worms can be in the water, raw meat or fish, and if you say differently, then they are almost everywhere.

Worms in man settle in almost all internal organs. Worm (as pictured) can be found in the liver, pancreas, brain, muscles and the joints, under the skin, in the intestine, often found worms in the blood.

There are the following reasons for which people have worms in the body:

  • Parasites (as pictured) can be transmitted from one person to another person. And the most vivid example of this pathology like worms. In this disease the eggs of pinworms are transmitted with great speed, and they can be in the hands of the patient, household items, which he did.
  • Less common way of transmission of worms through the soil, and they entered into the house along with outdoor shoes or paws of Pets.
  • Oral and fecal route. Parasite eggs can be in water, on food, and failure to comply with the rules of cooking, goes through the mouth into the bodies of people.
  • In some situations, the infection can be through insect bites, in this embodiment, most of the parasites live under the skin.
  • A considerable risk factor of infection may be insufficient heat treatment of meat or fish products, which are parasites.

Shows all of the above, the causes of infection are quite different. But they all boil down to a single moment is the lack of elementary hygienic rules. Clearly, careful care will not protect from infection 100%, but to reduce the risk of infection people can.

If speaking about worms in General, we can say that the human body is a perfect place of residence for them, because there is a "warm, nice and cozy, and still are fed."

Symptoms of worms in humans

Many patients are interested in whether there are worms in me, and how to determine their presence, what symptoms indicate the presence of worms in humans? Or the worms may not cause any symptoms?

Before considering the clinical picture of helminthiasis, it should be noted that in some situations the parasites for a long time, no evidence of his presence. Either the patient takes symptoms of worm infestation for other pathology in the body, is the appropriate treatment, and of course, all activities are futile.

Worms man provoke a variety of symptoms. To the traditional clinical picture include disruption of the digestive and gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions, nervous irritability, headaches, General malaise, sleep disturbances, reduced appetite, weight loss.

At worms can be observed the following characteristic features:

  1. First signs at worms is severe itching in the anal area, which increases mostly at night. The female worm crawls out of the night out, and lays eggs, releasing a substance, which acts irritatingly on the mucous membrane of the anus.
  2. Disruption of the gastrointestinal tract with worms. If the parasites Lodge in the intestines, then the first signs of such cohabitation is nausea, vomiting, pain in the abdomen, pain in the stomach and right hypochondrium.
  3. At worms disrupted the Central nervous system. In the process of their life cycle, parasites produce large amounts of toxic substances, which leads to poisoning of the body, as a result, such effect adversely affects the nervous system.
  4. Worms patients provoke an allergic reaction. At worms will be hives, rash on the body, redness and peeling of the skin.
  5. The decline of the human immune system, which leads to the development of other infectious diseases.

It should be noted that while worms are frequently found headaches, dizziness, General malaise, lethargy, apathy, drowsiness or insomnia, periodic constipation or diarrhea.

glichty in adults

The patient says I have parasites, but what if they are not treated? The presence of worms in the human body – it is stressful for the body, and if there is no appropriate antiparasitic treatment, the situation with time will only get worse.

At worms will experience a failure in the internal organs and systems, broken processes functionality of the organism as a whole, there are other comorbidities. And if the body parasites live in colonies, and many adults, the women develop a variety of gynecological pathologies.

In addition, speaking about the worms, we can say that they can lead to the most unexpected result of such cohabitation, and it necessarily to be negative. At worms could be appendicitis, bowel obstruction and more.

Women at worms can develop the following pathology:

  • Vulvovaginitis.
  • Disruption of the reproductive system.
  • Thrush in women.

Based on all of the above we can say that treat parasites it is necessary, as worms of man lead to the most unexpected consequences.

And it often happens that the treatment of worms was successful, but the resulting disease has remained so, and requires additional treatment, and in some situations long enough.

Diagnosis of worms

How to find out if I have worms or not? The question is really relevant due to the prevalence of parasites. In some situations, as mentioned above, the worms inside of the person can testify characteristic symptoms. But often happens that the patient learns about worms in the body only by passing the tests of the feces.

Modern medicine offers many methods that allow to answer the question of whether there are worms in the patient, or not. The first analysis, which is recommended by Dr. is the study of feces in the laboratory.

Analysis allows you to learn about worms, to detect the fragments of the worm. However, he needs to come in at regular intervals, and at least three times.

If the stool sample does not allow to learn about worms, then determine the worms man will help a blood test. If you compare it with the stool, it is more efficient, it allows you not only to learn about worms in the body of the patient, but also to identify their types.

If these methods do not help to learn about worms (as pictured), a doctor may recommend the following diagnostic measures:

  1. Ultrasound of internal organs of the abdominal cavity.
  2. An x-ray.
  3. CT, MRI, biopsy.

Speaking of worms, in particular, about the pinworms, it is no less effective method of detection would be scraping for worms. A doctor applies sticky tape to the anus of the patient, after moves on a glass slide, then everything is studied in the laboratory. This method allows to detect the eggs of the worm, and to diagnose worms.

All these diagnostic methods allow to determine, there are worms or not. According to the analysis, assigned the appropriate treatment.

Treatment of parasites

I have the parasites, in this case, do you ask patients? When the disease need to take anti-parasitic drugs and treatment they only appoint doctor who knows about worms in the body of the patient.

If in particular, the doctor relies on the kind of bot, its intensity, the number of adults in the body and other nuances of infection.

Antiparasitic treatment in many cases involves the intake of drugs, a health diet (avoiding sweets), in some situations it is necessary to take laxatives, drugs to speed up the evacuation of the parasites from the human intestine.

During treatment you can not eat anything sweet because sugar is a favorable environment for reproduction and further parasitism by helminths in the human body.

treatment of worms

If the worms in the vagina in women, it can cause serious problems with the functionality of the reproductive system. Since worms in the vagina there lay eggs and reproduce.

The female worm lays eggs in the vagina, causing thrush, candidiasis, and other gynecological problems. So against the background of antiparasitic therapy, symptomatic treatment is recommended, the drugs that help to restore the vaginal flora.

If the person says I have parasites, then the best option to get rid of them is to go to the doctor and not to self-medicate. Because over time, not having the required skills, he can say that I have worms and there were concomitant diseases.

Parasitic worms in the human body is not only harmful cohabitation, but a lot of other pathologies that they can cause. Extremely timely antiparasitic treatment would not let the situation worsen and warrant a favorable outcome. The video in this article will show, Sanchez threat worms in children and adults.

28.07.2019