Worms in the human body: symptoms, treatment, photos

Worms in humans occur as a result of infection of their eggs (worm infestation). Scientific studies have proven that approximately 25% of all humanity on the planet have the helminthiasis.

Worms in an adult can parasitize in any organ. Most worms live in the intestines, is also a favorite of many localization are lungs and liver. Very rare to find worms that are parasitic in the eyeball and muscles.

worms in humans

Worms in humans — how they look

Important diagnostic value has the knowledge of the possible helminth infection. Equally important is the knowledge of how to look at worms in humans. This will help avoid possible complications and to identify worms in humans in the early stages.

The most common pinworm and roundworm. Their appearance reminds a little of the usual worm white. Their length can vary from 20 to 40 cm body is slim and oblong. There are larger parasites – tapeworm wide. It is similar to the tape (due to its flat body). the length of this worm may reach several meters.

Classification of helminths

What types of worms in humans are? It is possible to allocate two types of parasites (depending on localization in the body): luminal and tissue.

  • Fabric – those worms who prefer to live in the parenchyma of the organs (liver, pancreas, muscle, brain matter, lung tissue, etc.).
  • Translucent – worms live mainly in the lumen of the intestine. Such parasites include roundworm tapeworm, the dwarf tapeworm, beef tapeworm, whipworm, broad tapeworm, pinworms and others.

Stage of development of the disease

  1. The parasite is in the egg stage. Before you get into the human body, it needs to get into the oral cavity. To do this, the adult lays eggs. Human infection occurs when hit in the mouth with eggs of worms.
  2. The second stage — from the egg comes out the larva. Immediately after getting eggs in the gastrointestinal tract, and from it the larva hatches. Its task is to migrate throughout the body in search of the perfect habitat. After reaching the destination, the larva continues its growth and development, and becomes adult.
  3. The third stage – the parasite becomes an adult fish that might lay eggs.

It is interesting to know that all worms tend during development and the transition from one stage to another, travel on the human body.

Is a very fair question — what causes worms in humans? The fact is that the infection is due to a lack of hygiene. For example, a person may be infected because of eating unwashed produce. This is primarily true of vegetables and fruits that grow on the ground and in direct contact with her. The fact that the eggs of Ascaris Matures in the soil, and in contact with agricultural products is contamination.

Symptoms of worm infestation

Signs of worms in humans, most often manifest themselves during the "travel" of worms. In other words, the adult helminth gives less symptoms. Than its previous forms (stages). Most people will make complaints if the worms are in an embryonic (eggs) or larvae.

For example, you can give the life cycle of the roundworm. These worms move throughout the human body and give a number of symptoms. As already mentioned initially, roundworm enter the body with vegetables and fruits in the egg stage. After that, the eggs hatch the larva. It is quite fast (2-3 hours) enters the circulatory system and, together with the blood flow recorded in the pulmonary circulation, which ends in the lungs.

In the pulmonary system, the larva grows and eats. Young larva in the course of their life slowly makes his way to the small bronchi. Through the bronchial tree, the larva enters the trachea and then in the very mouth. Again, the man swallows the larva, and it is again in the digestive tract. Now the larva is ready to move to the third stage, and grows into an adult.

All of this long course gives symptoms that allow to identify the infection with the parasite before detection of roundworm eggs in the feces of man. During the stay of roundworm larvae in the lungs, the patient will have the following symptoms:

parasite
  • Dry, hacking cough.
  • An asthmatic attack.
  • Possible allergic reactions as skin rash and itching.
  • The increase in body temperature.

But moving into the adult stage, the parasite is not showing any symptoms. To identify worms in humans is possible only in case of accidental analysis on helminth eggs.

Symptoms of worms in humans can vary depending on the phase of the disease. There are several stages:

  1. Sharp.
  2. Purchased.

The first phase is characterized by acute beginning of the disease (from time of exposure of the eggs in the gastrointestinal tract of man). This stage lasts on average about 2-3 weeks, but there are severe cases when the bot gets a prolonged duration (about 2-3 months).

Externally the worms will manifest itself in the following way: the patient will experience an allergic skin rash, cough is dry, stuffy. When conducting a General analysis of blood leukocyte formula will change somewhat, the number of eosinophils is significantly increased.

Purchased stage follows immediately after the acute stage. Its duration varies from several weeks to months, and can take up to several years. The clinical picture will vary depending on the location of the worms and their type, quantity and so on.

A feature of the life of the worms is that they attach to the wall of the intestine, stomach, liver, and other organs with a special hinges. Such devices for fixing can be represented in the form of suction cups, spines and plates to the cutting surface. As a result of damage to the surface of the walls of an organ locking apparatus of the worms, the irritation and inflammation of tissues. Cysticerci can compress the surrounding organs or tissues, leading to various complications.

Purchased stage is characterized by a dysfunction of metabolism. This is because the viability of the parasite consumes all minerals, vitamins, proteins, fats and carbohydrates that come from the external environment. Also due to the residence of the worms primarily in the intestinal system, the process of digestion and absorption of nutrients from food by the intestines is disturbed. Some types of worms (the worm) can produce toxins, which can neutralize our own enzymes in human body (such as trypsin, pepsin, and others). As a result, impaired digestion of proteins.

The human immune system is also undergoing a number of changes: increases the risk of allergic reactions, possible fever, fatigue. This is because the worms for survival needs to suppress the protective mechanism of the human body. In the result of low immunity, one is exposed to secondary infection by bacteria, viruses and protozoa (amebiasis). It also reduces the effectiveness of vaccinations.

Signs of worms manifest themselves later in 2-3 weeks. The exception is ascariasis, as a larva, once in the lungs, causes cough and fever for two days. But the infection has a long asymptomatic incubation period – 12 to 18 months.

Early phase acute stage has the following clinical picture:

  • fever;
  • allergic skin rash, sometimes itchy;
  • swelling;
  • swollen lymph nodes;
  • pain in the skeletal muscles and joints.

General blood work will show changes in the eosinophils (their number will be increased), leukocyte formula is shifted to the right (leukocytosis). It also happens that the patient complains of having pain in the abdomen (abdominal syndrome).

Acquired phase often occurs without any symptoms. Very rarely the characteristic symptomatology helminthic infestation, in cases where the parasite is large (a tapeworm).

Hookworm causes anaemia with iron deficiency. As the parasite feeds exclusively on blood. When heavy helminthiasis (roundworm) possible development of complications such as intestinal obstruction. When infected liver develop jaundice.

Opisthorchiasis leads to severe diseases of the biliary system (holecistoholangit, pancreatitis). Perhaps the development of complications of hepatitis and gastrointestinal diseases. In some cases found neurologic symptoms.

Treatment for worms in humans

Many who are faced with this disorder, interested in the question — how you get rid of worms in humans. In the acute period of the disease is very important to carry out detoxification and desensitizing treatments. To suppress allergic reactions it is advisable to appoint antihistamines.

For successful treatment should be deworming the whole family, good hygiene, a repeat procedure in two weeks.

Folk remedies in the fight against helminthiasis

folk remedies against worms

Folk remedies effective against worms not less than all of the usual drugs offered by pharmaceutical companies. Importantly, the traditional means is time-tested and have no such side effects.

Recipes for getting rid of worms a lot, you only need to choose the most suitable. Traditional medicine is based on what is not like worms.

  1. Many have heard that garlic and onions are an excellent tool for the prevention of helminthic infestation. It is really so. Moreover, these products are rich in vitamins that cost pennies and do not affect the liver as pharmacological drugs.
  2. But garlic and onions, perfect effect have grapefruit, pumpkin seeds, radishes, pomegranates, Apple cider vinegar, horseradish, fresh, salted fish and so on. Copes with worms raw carrots and beets.
  3. Among liqueurs activity have infusions of rose hips and peppermint. In the old days very often drank sauerkraut juice. Vinegar, which contains in it, also perfectly removes worms from the body.
  4. Treatment of folk remedies should start with diet. It would be good for a week to sit on some vegetables and to temporarily stay a vegetarian. This approach significantly weaken the parasite, and hence it will be easier to handle him. It is not necessary to starve, as it will not affect the health of the worms.
  5. Well help a cleansing enema. You need to put them for the night. The most common enema is made from milk and garlic. This will need to boil the garlic in one glass of milk. Drain. For an adult rather than 1 Cup a day. Enemas should not be placed less than one week.
  6. Well against ascariasis struggling tincture of onion. This boiled onion. Strain the broth insist night. The decoction should be drunk on an empty stomach. The duration of treatment to four days.
  7. Pumpkin seeds represent its value in the fight against helminths mainly in the shell. If you eat pumpkin seeds for two weeks. It can be a long time to say goodbye to helminthiasis.
  8. A very simple method of getting rid of worms – eating a raw carrot and fresh beet juice.
  9. Effect against worms also has melon juice. It should be drunk on an empty stomach and then another 30 minutes nothing to eat or drink. A good remedy for helminthiasis – a decoction of oak bark and peel a pomegranate.
  10. Copes with worms propolis. However, remember that he may be allergic. He also has an antimicrobial effect and a positive effect on the immune system of the human body. Propolis is a versatile tool that also helps with ulcers of the gastrointestinal tract, with frostbite and burns. The effectiveness of propolis against parasites is incredibly high. It is able to increase the amount of protective protein and is involved in the production of antibodies. Most importantly, the propolis completely harmless to human health.

Prevention

  1. Observance of rules of personal hygiene.
  2. Careful handling of food.
  3. To prevent disease, should be timely to identify infected people and time to start their therapy.
18.09.2018