The causes of worms in humans: symptoms

The lesson is a common problem among certain categories of the population. In children, as a rule, parasitic pinworm, people who often consume fish, difillobotrioz diagnosed among hunters spread trichinosis.

The fact that the human worms provoke the development of many diseases that seemingly have nothing to do with helminthiasis, currently confirmed by various studies. In particular, there is a theory that helminth diseases are associated with development of cancer processes.

And after the patient had to pick the right scheme worming treatment, the disease can be cured. Therefore, asking yourself questions: "What should I do if I have worms, how to get tested for parasites, and I'm not going to infect loved ones?", do not be afraid to see a doctor and get all the answers and know what to do if you have worms.

How do you get worms?

Helminth eggs can get into the human body in different ways. The main ways of infection there are four:

  • Biogelmintozy. Worms can be in raw or poorly heat-treated meat and in fish. You can become infected by consuming bacon, shashlik, dried fish, sushi, etc.
  • Geohelminthiasis. Mature helminth eggs, which are in the soil and in the water, enter the body. In this environment they find themselves, and since there are human feces and the feces of animals. Also invasions happen when people communicate with animals, for example, permanently removing cat or dog feces, and when infected products eggs of flies.
  • Contact.The most common worms, human pinworms are passed from person to person. In this case, the risk of getting this disease are the highest.
  • A number of parasites can enter the body when a person is bitten by insects.
Trying to find the answer to the question, what there and how are worms, be aware that the way of infestation — feces. This means, the person simply swallows helminth eggs, if eat food, drink water. In more rare cases, worms in man are after insect bites that were infected.
Infection of worms through the soil

After there was contact with soil, sand, etc., you need not only very good to wash your hands but also clean the nails. Children better to cut your nails very short. All vegetables that grow in the ground, should be very carefully washed, and, if possible, scald with boiling water.

Animals and flies Girl with dog

Helminth eggs can appear in the house from domestic animals – cats, dogs playing in the street. A risk of infection occurs when children play with such animals. Therefore, it is necessary to immediately take action if there is a suspicion that bred worms in cats. The symptoms and treatment of infection in animals can be obtained from a veterinarian or to watch the corresponding video online. In this way the body can receive all types of worms. So the answer to the question transmitted from dogs to humans and can be contracted from dogs, is simple: Yes, it's possible.

Another peddler of worms – flies. They can initially sits on the feces, the wastes of livestock, and then to come and take the food. As a result, they carry helminth eggs, in humans after infection with helminth diseases occur.

As worms are passed from person to person

How do you get pinworms and are spread from person to person, these parasites? The answer to this question is simple: if the Pope kid last night from the intestine the rectum crawls the female pinworms are near the anus can lay large numbers of eggs – up to 5000 pieces.

As a consequence, a strong itching, child scratched, eggs get on his hands. On with baby eggs get on clothes, bed and other items to which the child. How are worms then, is clear: eggs are infected by other children, adults, and then in the body multiply small white pinworms. It is therefore very important to wash hands before eating, after coming home from public places.

Infection through water

A lot of parasite eggs is in open water and in well water. That's why people who use this water have to use special antibacterial filter. It is also very important to boil the water that they drink and eat food, it is cooked. It is very dangerous to ingest water.

You should consider talking about what a worm infestation that it is a disease that mostly affects children, as they are very susceptible to helminthes. The fact that children's protective barriers have not developed to the same extent as an adult, they have the acidity of the stomach below.

Also signs of the presence of worms in the child appear very often due to the fact that young children are in the process of development of the world try to taste everything that came to hand. Therefore, parents often notice symptoms of worm infestation in children, in particular, itchy anus, poor appetite, cough in children, when infected, etc. But to teach a toddler to strict compliance with the rules of hygiene in the first years of his life impossible. Therefore, at this time, the risk of contamination is high from all family members.

Signs of worms

When infected with certain parasites manifest the first symptoms of worms in humans. What are the symptoms when the worms show up when you have an infection has taken place, details can be found from a specialist. But some signs of worms in humans, it is possible to notice on their own.

A woman with abdominal pain

Thus, the most striking feature of what happened infestation is the presence of sudden weight loss. Also, the patient turns pale, the skin is manifested as anemia. On the exterior signs of worm infestation are also displayed – the man looks exhausted, he may increase the level of fatigue.

The worms cause itching in the anus if to cleanse the bowel. However, they can parasitize to other organs – lungs, liver, bladder and even in the arm or leg etc.

However, all of the above symptoms of parasites in the human body – is only the first common signs of infection which develop in a massive defeat of the body by worms and allow you to recognize that with health something not so. There are other, more specific symptoms of worm infestation in adults. The patient can perceive the manifestation of other diseases. It is a long time to treat such diseases, of course, to no avail. It lasts until that time, until it is determined the exact cause of such symptoms – bot.

What are the symptoms of worms in adult and child can take place?

Disorders of the digestive

If the parasites are localized in the intestine and not in other organs, the main indication in an adult and child is a violation of the digestive function. The person may be concerned about constant diarrhea or constipation, which periodically manifests itself nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, pain in the right hypochondrium, near the navel, intestinal disorders. If infested with intestinal parasites, often troubled by flatulence.

All of these symptoms can be severe, and weak, long and periodic. It all depends on the massiveness of infection. There are types of worms that produce hormone-like substances, under the influence of which develops constant diarrhea.

General malaise, disorders of the nervous system

The worms live and produce very large quantities of toxic substances, regardless of live parasites in the blood, liver and lungs of a person. The heavier the infection, the more pronounced signs of intoxication, which affects the nervous system.

The result is headache, dizziness and nausea. Such signs some people take the development of migraine, and as a result, I drink painkillers.

Sometimes when infected by parasites, fever, pains in the joints. Besides helminth defeat provoke vitamin deficiency of nutrients in the body. This phenomenon, as well as depression of the nervous system, lead to the manifestation of chronic fatigue syndrome. The patient feels tired, he is concerned about drowsiness, a feeling of weakness in the body. If we are talking about the child, he is naughty, constantly nervous. Young children have disturbed sleep, they cry or scream at night.

Allergy and skin manifestations

Worms cause deterioration of the skin. Toxins that worms infect the body, have a negative impact on its General condition and may provoke the manifestation of the various reactions on the skin. Rashes appear as a result of histamine release from mast cells and accumulation of the liquid portion of blood in the tissue with et animos ad above alliciant of the epidermis.

These same causes lead to the development of allergic reactions. In particular, can appear itching, red spots, pimples, hives, and dry cough, allergic rhinitis and symptoms of asthma. Also when infected can exfoliate the nails, the hair breakage, cracks on the heels.

The deterioration of immunity and infectious diseases

As in the body the worms eat, they excrete toxic waste products. Toxic effect, the decrease in vitamins and minerals leads to the fact that the immune system of the infected deteriorates significantly. As a result of deteriorating and health status in chronic diseases begin to disturb the inflammatory processes in the nose and throat – sinusitis, stomatitis. In women and girls is possible, candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis.

There is evidence that prolonged infection with pinworms may develop inflammation of the appendages. In this case, it is very important to detect their presence. Parasites in the liver also cause bad breath, a permanent bad taste.

Also, it is believed that worms in the human provokes the appearance of snoring and sleep tooth grinding. But currently this relationship is not proven.

Where are the parasites in the human body

Worms in the body

Identify the types of parasites in the human body depending on exactly where in the body they inhabit. How to determine if and how you get rid of parasites from the body depends on their type.

Translucent

These worms inhabit mainly the intestines, living in its different departments. In the small intestine are localized Thelaziasis, roundworm, a tapeworm other tapeworms. In the small intestine is inhabited by dwarf tapeworm, pinworm in the colon – the whipworm. All types of abdominal parasites there are about a hundred. Drawings and images can be found on the web.

Fabric

These types of worms in humans reside in intestine, and in organs and tissues. There are varieties that reside in the brain (cysticercosis), liver (hydatid disease), lungs (pulmone DENS morbo), in the muscles into the lymphatic vessels (filariasis) and other worms.

Roundworm is a type that applies to the luminal and tissue parasites, as in the first phase of development, they can move through the blood to affect any organ. How to get rid of Ascaris, tell the doctor who prescribes treatment when infected by such parasites.

How to identify a possible infestation?

To detect parasites in the body will help of the special test. You need to carefully read the signs below and count how many positive responses were given.

  • Constant or intermittent itching in the anus.
  • Appear skin rashes.
  • Dizziness, frequent pain in the head.
  • Periodically nauseated, vomiting for no reason.
  • Flatulence, diarrhea, bloating, constipation.
  • Restless sleep.
  • Swelling of the feet.
  • A variety of Allergy symptoms.
  • Lymph nodes are enlarged.
  • Sometimes a feeling of bitterness in the mouth.
  • Stomach hurts, the pain goes away on their own.
  • The increase in body temperature for no reason.
  • Constant feeling of fatigue, severe fatigue.
  • Work in a children's group, preschoolers in the family.
  • Yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes.
  • Pain in the muscles and joints without the stress.
  • Snoring and grinding of teeth at night.
  • The presence of animals in the home, work with animals.
  • You of people who love to eat dried fish, meat, sushi, bacon which has streaks of meat.
  • Constantly reducing weight at the same jumps in appetite – increase or decrease.
  • You are not used to wash vegetables, herbs, fruits, never treat them with boiling water before consumption.

Prevention of infection with worms

The child and the cat

To prevent infection, you need to clearly understand what are the causes of invasion, what is the helminths which are worms. It is important to take all prevention measures, significantly reducing the risk of infection.

  • You need to carefully wash fruits and vegetables, and rinse them with boiling water.
  • It is important to fight flies, cockroaches, mosquitoes – keep track of where they come from, to destroy them.
  • To cook meat and fish should be at least 40-60 minutes.
  • You need to use only personal hygiene items – towel, comb (not transmitted lice), etc.
  • It is important to teach your child before eating and after each contact with animals to immediately go and wash your hands with soap and water.
  • If you have animals, large and small, need to constantly provide them with the means for the prevention of worms. To find out what it is, you should contact your veterinarian.
  • It is important that very young children only played clean toys, you also need to wash the fallen pacifier or a pacifier.
  • You should wean children from the harmful habits of sucking fingers, biting your nails, take in a mouth various things.
  • The kid must be clean and short nails.
  • To prevent reinfection pinworms, kids need to wear tight panties, which prevents the spread of parasites and eggs in bed.
  • It is important to iron the baby clothes after washing.
  • In the morning, should change pants and to wash a child.
28.08.2018