Subcutaneous parasites in humans

Medicine has hundreds of subcutaneous parasites. The lion's share of patients are not aware of them before colliding with a personal diagnosis. How not to get sick or to find out the alarming symptoms of helminthiasis in time?

parasites under the skin

The types of subcutaneous worms

Man is the master of more than one dozen pathogenic organisms. Not all such neighborhood is harmless. Worst of all, infected subcutaneous parasite can be even now reading this article. For example, did you know that open window – the threat of dirofilaria?

Filariasis

Transmitted by bites of insects that live in hot climates: Africa, South America, Asia. Diagnosis of filariasis is not easy, it is divided among more than 10 species.

The disease is hidden, the symptoms appear after some years and considerable concern from human causes. The first signs of hives. The years appear eczema, itching, warts, knobby education, rash. There are instances when such symptoms of the patient and the doctor unsuccessfully fought for years using focal treatment of skin diseases. Rarely observed onset of fever, General malaise, weakness and sleepiness, frequent headaches. But recent signs indicate parasites in the body.

A special area of risk in filariasis – eye. The prolonged illness threatens the development of cataracts and permanent loss of vision.

It is known that one third of patients who suffered filariasis, received a disability. According to the who, approximately 40 million people. The reason is the toxins that cause malfunction of the body.

How to prevent infection

Vaccination will protect the tourist from the surprise from the tropics. It does not always require visa control, therefore, initiate the vaccination on their own.

Localization

The skin of the whole body, eyeballs.

Drakonita

Draconis

Guinea worm or Dracunculiasis agents' enter the body with raw water. They move into the host's body for life. The reproduction of the species occurs under the skin: the tumor is 7 cm in diameter, and after the blisters is the number of eggs laid adult worm Guinea worm. The water that falls on it, provokes the bursting of the bubble and larvae. Their number has approximately 10 million Larvae can be seen only under a microscope – their length of 0.5 mm.

Localization

Worms multiply in the legs under the skin, mostly below the knee. Infest internal organs.

How to prevent infection

Guinea worms vermis are found in the tropical climate. Vectors – dogs and cats, but the most common route of infection – raw drinking water. Do not drink water of unknown origin and refrain from swimming in natural bodies of water.

Schistosomiasis

Freshwater helminth of the South. In the waters of Asia or Africa it can be transmitted just after a dip.

The worm emits toxic remnants of life, so liver disorders and renal failure in Schistosomiasis – a common symptom. See the skin redness and dermatitis, there is itching. Special symptoms – profuse night sweats with increase in temperature. Signs observed during the period of active growth and development parasitica individuals.

Localization

shistosomes

The worm resides in the urogenital system. Stage of reproduction occurs in human skin.

How to prevent infection

From swimming in freshwater sources – rivers, lakes – it is better to abstain.

Cysticercosis

Pork tapeworm is an extremely hardy species of worms. Lives not only in Asia but also in Russia. Enough contact with the body parts of a parasitic worm that he had developed into a full-fledged individual and multiplied. The ability to regenerate hampers the healing process of the patient, when required surgical removal of the tapeworm from the skin. Undetected residual segment of the tapeworm and parasite multiplies again.

Signs of the nematodes in the body: hives, itchy skin, weakness, pain in the affected organ.

Localization

Worm settles everywhere – muscles, skin, organs, eyes and even the brain. Like many parasites reproduce in the skin, forming a protuberance or elevation. With years turgidities increase bring discomfort. Mostly pork tapeworm reproduces in the shoulders, chest, often in the arms and hands.

How not to get infected

Prolonged heat treatment of food products, especially meat. Discard the steak with blood, raw meat and fish products. Drink purified water. Avoid contact with fresh water of unfamiliar waters. Intermediate hosts of tapeworms – Pets. Rabbits, pigs, cats and dogs, camels carry the larvae of tapeworm. Practice good hygiene after contact with animals.

Dirofilaria

Insects transmitted through the bites of parasites. Temporary hosts of the worms are dogs and cats. The mosquito, which bite the animal and then the human passes the eggs, the larva worm. The female worm reaches 15-30 cm, male – 5-10 cm Species inhabit the eyeball, their presence can be seen without magnifying devices. The filamentous shape of the worm is so pronounced that visible on the photo. To see the parasite in the eye, without magnifying devices

If time does not go to the doctor, the patient to lose vision completely, and the eyeball will have to be removed. About 1 in 6 cases remove the Apple falls on the diagnosis of "Dirofilaria".

dirofilaria

This type of worm lives on average 10 years. He is able to move under the skin at a speed of 10 cm per day until you reach a suitable place for reproduction or growth.

Localization

Reproduction is under the skin, where sometimes live adults. Worms frequently strike the eyeballs.

How not to get infected

In hot weather, use repellents and insecticides – sprays, ointments, fumigators, creams and sprays. Especially if the house resident animals.

Diagnosis subcutaneous worms

To detect the parasite in the body is very difficult – so say doctors, based on a simple fact: the patient's symptoms lubricated, common and inherent to dozens of diseases simultaneously. In most cases, the patient with the parasite complains of weakness, rapid fatigue, itchy skin, eczema or erosion.

For a reliable diagnosis of parasitic diseases pass several kinds of tests and visit doctors of narrow specializations: parasitologist', pediatric infectious disease specialist, ophthalmologist, allergist, dermatologist, neurologist.

For the analysis pass:

  • blood from a finger and veins;
  • cal;
  • scraping of the epidermis.

It also includes inspection of skin, mucous membranes, the eyes of the patient. To explore the internal organs and whether they have parasites appoint:

  • x-ray examination;
  • ophthalmoscopy;
  • the study of punctates nodes of the skin;
  • test Masotti;
  • MRI;
  • Ultrasound.

How to withdraw subcutaneous parasites

There are 2 methods of treatment – medical and surgical. Either combine them or use one method. The choice of therapy depends on the risk factors and characteristics of parasitism:

  • the number of individuals in the body;
  • the ability of worms to regenerate;
  • the reproduction speed;
  • allergic reactions;
  • the place of localization;
  • neglect of the disease
  • complications.

The purpose of medical treatment

Medications are designed to:

  • to destroy the larvae or adult worms, to prevent their reproduction de-worming medicines;
  • to remove the inflammation to eradicate the infection – antibiotics;
  • to speed up the elimination of toxins, eliminate allergic reactions – a glucocorticoid, an antihistamine;
  • to accelerate the healing of damaged areas of the body – regenerates.
treatment

Surgery

Most important, if it is known that in the organism there is one individual worm. In 98% of cases the body gets one larva of the parasite, which alone cannot reproduce. To get rid of the parasite surgically means to reduce toxicity. The remains of the worm, decomposing under the skin is a dangerous load on the metabolism and excretory system.

In election cases (Drakonita) holistic retrieval is the only way to secure the removal of the worm. Internal fluid helminth toxic, their release can cause anaphylactic shock in humans. Resort to surgery in cases with complications and in cases of the special arrangement of the worm.

Prevention

To ensure 100% protection of your health, no one can, but the number of rules will make life much safer:

  • personal hygiene – washing hands with soap and water, care manicure (helminth eggs hiding under the nails);
  • regular testing, including after trips to warmer climes;
  • food hygiene – clean drinking water and quality heat processing of food;
  • routine vaccination and vaccination;
  • the fight against insects;
  • wearing closed clothes in water, in the depths;
  • veterinary control of domestic Pets and treatment (especially cats and dogs);
  • refusal to swim in unfamiliar places.
22.08.2018