Types of parasites in the human body

Statistics show that parasites in our time, the infected one in four people on the planet. They're both adults and children. Parasitic worms are striking different organs in the human body, feeding off the host, sucking him all the most useful.

To combat helminth infection is easy enough, it is only important to know which of the hundreds of species we are fighting. For this, the first manifestations of infestation, it is necessary to consult a doctor and get tested. In medical practice there is a General division of parasitic worms into groups:

The type of localization

Enteric (live in the gastrointestinal tract, affecting the small intestine):

  • Round helminth.
  • Tapeworms.

Extraintestinal (live in different areas of the body, often in the eyes, liver, brain):

  • Flat worms.

By way of infection

Contagious (transmitted from infected person to a healthy one through contact with him or with means of personal hygiene (towels, toothbrush, tableware, toys)):

  • Dwarf tapeworm.
  • Pinworms.

helminth (infection occurs through contact with animals or eating infected meat, which have not passed thermal processing):

  • The bovine tapeworm.
  • Pork tapeworm.
helminth (infection occurs through unwashed vegetables, fruits, herbs):
  • Roundworm.
  • Trichina.

According to biological characteristics

This group of parasites include:
  • Tapeworms.
  • Roundworms.
  • The flukes.

The most common helminth

There are a number of types of helminth parasites that live in humans by sucking all the power and nutrients. As a rule, the person begins to notice signs of helminth only after he has already suffered irreparable damage.

Understanding which parasites are inhabitants of the human body the most, pay attention to the group of roundworms. Such helminth infection occurs more often than others. They get into the digestive tract, penetrate the intestine and begin to multiply at a staggering rate, parasites in humans.

Ascaris

This helminth enters the human body lotis manducare properly vegetables, fruits, herbs. They live in the ground and waiting in the wings. The shell in which living parasites so dense that it is able to withstand the aggressive environment of the human stomach. Thus, helminth fall into the large and small intestine, where they begin their parasitariis activities. Ascaris</1_img>

Penetrating in the intestine, individuals do not remain there, and make their way into the circulatory system, entering thus in the heart, liver, lungs, and then mucus again into the intestine. There have been cases of detection of eggs of ascarids in the brain, they cause disturbances in this organ.

Symptoms of infection scaris in adults are nausea, loss of sleep, sudden weight reduction, diarrhea, pain in the abdomen, reduced working capacity, people are constantly and tires easily. Children have constant whims, distracting, delayed mental and physical development, deteriorating performance in school.

Individuals can reach 40 cm in length. Known cases of mechanical obstruction of the stomach a ball of ascarids. Cured of parasites with special medicines.

Toxocara

Is a parasitic species of roundworm that can affect any organ in the human body, even the eyes and brain. Infection with worms occurs through the communication of people with Pets that are carriers of pathogenic organisms.

The length of the parasitic worm reaches 30 centimeters. The larva, once inside, expands, become able to lay eggs, which then spread through the bloodstream to other parts of the body.

Intoxication and inflammation of various etiologies are the result of the activities of parasitic worms.

pinworm

Another form which lives in the intestines of parasites are pinworms. This helminth, which have a length of from 3 to 12 mm. young children are more susceptible to infection via unwashed food and hands, swallowing the eggs of worms. Pinworm</2_img>

The peculiarity of this type of helminth is the activity of the female, who comes out at night while the person sleeps. She lays eggs around the anus. The child experiences itching and he begins to scratch an itchy body. At this point, the larvae attach on the fingers and under the nails of the baby. helminth is able to live for weeks under the fingernails of the child. Re-infection occurs by ingestion of the fingers, where live larvae in the baby's mouth.

To cope with pinworm without the use of drugs. Ferrum enough the baby's clothes with a hot iron after each dream, he can wear tight underwear to prevent any contact of the fingers with the helminth eggs, as well as short shaved nails, so that the eggs could not be there long. In addition, you need to wash the baby pens with soap and water. If necessary, the use of drugs compulsory preliminary consultation with a specialist.

Whipworm

Very thin worm similar when viewed under the microscope the hair length 30 to 35 mm. He lives and is parasitic in the large intestine. Helminth infection is similar to Ascaris. Unwashed vegetables, fruit and vegetables or unwashed properly hands can be a source of helminth eggs.

Symptoms of the adenophorea infection are General malaise, persistent pain in the abdomen and the head, the patients experiencing dizziness and sleep disturbance. The person becomes restless, easily irritated, distracted.

Write the body of a helminth can not do independently, requires the use of drugs. Tool works, paralyzing the movement of parasitic worms, stopping their livelihoods, causing them to appear naturally.

Trichinella

The size of parasitic worms is very small, the length of the individual does not exceed 4 mm., their Acquisition occurs by eating poorly processed meat containing helminth eggs. It is often pork or wild meat. Last heat of the procedure violations, the crude product can cause the infected by these helminth species

Parasites can spread very quickly, getting through the gut into the bloodstream. Larvae, traveling inside the body, tend to settle in striated muscles (diaphragm, ocular or masticatory muscles). The germs of worms, getting into the desired section of the body, creating close capsule and may live for many years.

Symptoms of infection fleshworm are muscle pain, swollen eyelids and pain associated with eye movement, fever, swelling of the face for no reason, swelling of hands, feet and wrists, after a few days the infected person is already hurt all the muscles and joints, coordination is slightly disturbed, the skin rash occurs. Concerned about human drowsiness or complete insomnia, continuous headache and upset stomach.

Infection of tapeworms is less common but is also common in both adults and children. Similarly, the parasites enter the human body in the larval stage and continue their development in the gut.

Apni

A more familiar name such parasitic worms — the tapeworm. Beef tapeworm is really huge and can reach 10 m in length. Little germs of parasitic worm are easy to get inside through neprozharennoe or undercooked meat properly.

The main symptoms of infection are considered to be violations of the chair, upset stomach, sudden loss of weight, retching, lack of appetite. Patient is irritable, suffer from insomnia or sleep disorders, attack. In children there is a delay in overall development.

Pork tapeworm is more modest in size, its length is only 2 meters. The method of acquisition and the clinical picture is almost similar to the above, only the man is infected through pork.

There is another kind of tapeworm is the dwarf. The name he was given because of its relatively small size, the largest specimens do not exceed 5 inches in length. Unwashed hands are the most common cause of acquired parasitic worms. The most common place where is a door handle, lid and toilet seat. Children are at risk for infection with dwarf tsepnem. Tapeworm</3_img>

After helminth infection in a patient have abdominal pain, accompanied by nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight of the patient. Dizziness is an integral symptom of infecting virtually all known helminth. Often in this case, seizures resembling epilepsy.

A tapeworm also tapeworm subspecies. It has a length of from 6 to 15 meters. A person can be infected helminth through bad which was cooked river fish.

A special symptom in this case red spots on the tongue of the patient, which is reminiscent of his pain. In addition, an infected man to bother: vomiting, diarrhea, s constipation, constant dizziness and nausea.

Echinococcus

Special attention among all the types of helminth should be given to such dangerous ones like Echinococcus. Before this parasite powerless to any medication, and to cure the patient can only be surgically. Infection usually occurs through the domestic animals with which man often talks to caress.

Lost in the bloodstream, the worm may settle in any organ, joining and parasites inside. The parasite creates a number with a capsule filled with liquid composition. He lives there himself and puts the larvae. It is very important during surgery to remove it, pull it together with an intact capsule. Otherwise, the infected will be all the organs, where to get liquid out of the capsule.

Giardia

Another type of helminth commonly found in medical practice. To get inside a human larvae the fecal-oral route, with careless attitude to the rules of hygiene.

The small intestine became a shelter for the worm. The main symptoms of infection are constant cramps of stomach, nausea, irregular bowel movement, indigestion, excessive gas. Patients also suffer from neurological disorders, intoxication and allergic reactions.

To defeat the worms inside human used antiprotozoal drugs, as well as enzymes, cholagogue and chelators.

A group of flukes present flat worms, not often amaze the mankind. fasciola is the most striking representative of the group, not less "popular" is considered a Fluke.

Fluke

Parasitic worms that reach a length of 4-13 mm. It penetrates man and settles in the gall bladder or in the ducts. The path inside the worm rips through not cooked properly or frozen uncooked river fish.

The clinical picture of defeat Fluke expressed by the following signs:
  • temperature rises and lasts a very long time, not reacting to the drugs;
  • painful symptoms in joints and muscle tissue;
  • cough;
  • skin rash;
  • disorders of the digestive system;
  • possible jaundice;
  • pain in the pancreas.
Fluke</4_img>

Complications of infection with this helminth can be very serious, so you need to immediately consult a doctor when the first symptoms of infection. He, having carried out appropriate research, and taking tests, to prescribe a powerful medication capable of defeating parasitic worms and to expel them from person.

fasciola

The gallbladder and ducts of this organ can be home to helminth. The parasitic worm reaches a length of 3-7 inches. You can become infected via unboiled water or eating raw seaweed.

Symptoms of the disease is almost standard: frequent dizziness, tiredness and malaise, urticaria. Very sore belly, develop jaundice. The disease can take a chronic form.

World medical practice has a large number of parasitic worms that are able to penetrate and live in the human body. All of them cause irreparable harm to the body, literally sucking from the patient the essential nutrients. When infected, the immunity, there is a General malaise. There are various underlying diseases or exacerbated chronic illness.

Schistosoma

Another representative of the group of flukes, a very dangerous kind of helminth, Schistosoma. You can become infected in a pool or in natural water when bathing, and after the beds of irrigation water, which is infected with larvae. Holistic skin and mucous membranes do not stop the insidious worm, he can get into the body and through them.

The disease, which is caused by parasitic worms, is manifested by itching of the skin and increased temperature to high levels. Chronic stage of the disease can be a complication of this infection. The worm can cause prostatitis in men, and vaginitis, colitis, ascites and other diseases.

Shistosoma</5_img>

As a therapy used a strong Antiparasitica drugs, which paralyze or destroy parasitic worms, supporting the natural removal from the body. In very advanced cases, onerat complications, the use of surgical method.

13.08.2018