Helminths, or worms is a collective name of parasitic multicellular organisms that live in the human body. Most worms are in the intestine, eating food supplied from the outside, but some can be found in other internal organs.
Just nature, there are several hundred species of parasitic worms that are dangerous to humans. Of which about 70 can be found in Russia.
Parasites can enter the body in different ways. This parameter can be divided into three main groups:
Thus, the opportunity to pick up parasites from the person very much. For example, they can get into our body from Pets – cats and dogs, through unwashed hands, undercooked meat, and t.. D.
There are two major groups of parasitic worms – round and flat. To round include species such as pinworm and roundworm. Flat, in turn, are divided into tapeworms. As a rule, contamination flat worms the most dangerous and the most difficult to cure.
Defeat worms is a very unpleasant disease. It leads to intoxication and depletion weakens its defenses. Therefore requires careful treatment.
Previously, as preparations of worms were used herbal remedies. For example, long been known that plants such as bracken, tansy, useful in the treatment of parasites in the human body. Can also help and eating foods such as pumpkin seeds and garlic.
But in severe cases these funds from worms and parasites are likely to be powerless. In addition, they usually work only, which are parasitic in the gut, while some may live in other internal organs such as the liver, bile ducts and blood vessels.
Fortunately, the modern pharmaceutical industry has developed many effective synthetic means. So now the question of how to get rid of worms pills is mainly to the selection of a drug.
There are drugs from worms, designed specifically for the treatment caused by round worms. Typically, these drugs are most safe and have minimum side effects. Also there are drugs for excretion from the body of tapeworms. But many anthelmintic drugs are not for one specific type of parasites, but several groups of them. Such pills are called drugs of broad spectrum.
Compared with herbal drugs, synthetic drugs are more quickly and efficiently. In addition, the principle of operation of most modern medicines from worms is to not kill the parasites, paralyzing them. This is achieved thanks to special substances in the drugs that block the functioning of the neuro-muscular system of worms. So they are not killed in the intestine, poisoning organism products of its decomposition, from the walls of the intestine and excreted along with the feces.
However, please note that the medication of worms are effective only against adult parasites. Against the larvae, they are ineffective. So after the first course of the drug is recommended to conduct another course in a few weeks to destroy the remaining.
The use of drugs of worms broad-spectrum is justified because it is often difficult to determine the species of parasite. In addition, in many cases the body is infected by various types.
Also, in some cases it is recommended to take pills for worms for prevention. For example, in the case if you have to travel to exotic countries, or some family member or pet is suffering. However, it hardly makes sense to take the pill just in case, since most of them are quite toxic and not recommended for prolonged use.
Some pills for worms should be taken, it is best consult a doctor for advice. When selecting a drug the doctor should take into account contraindications, patient's age and side effects. Not all of the tablets against worms can be used to treat young children and during pregnancy.
The main pharmaceutical form of means – tablet. Also, there are dosage forms like suspension and rectal suppositories. Suspension more suited to children who find it difficult to swallow or chew a big pill. Suppositories have minimum side effects, but their effectiveness is limited. In addition, they are helpless against parasites that live outside the intestine.
These pills have worms in its composition as the active substance. appointed in various diseases.
The medication should be taken once a day. The tablet should be chewed and taken with water. If it will be enough a single dose, other types of course can last 2-3 days. In some diseases the recommended repeat the course in 3 weeks.
regarding a tablet from worms, so they can be used for small children (up to 6 months). For them it is best to use suspension, not tablets.
Dosing for different groups of patients:
The worming tablets are accepted regardless of the meal. Not recommended during pregnancy but in exceptional cases may apply. Full analog of drug.
effective pills for worms, which are composed of the active ingredient. Dosage of 150 and 50 mg. Indications – some other helminthic infestations.
tool to a single application. As a rule, to of treatment enough taking one tablet 150 mg. For children assigned to the pill 50 mg or dosage may be calculated on the basis of the child's body weight – 2.5 mg per kg of body weight. However, these tablets worms are not suitable for children under 3 years. Also, they are contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women. Absolute contraindication is agranulocytosis, therefore, before taking the drug must pass the blood test.
Possible side effects include allergic reactions, negative symptoms of the gastrointestinal tract, headaches, insomnia.
In severe cases, the duration of treatment can be set by the doctor individually. After the first course of treatment may be a prophylactic course after two weeks.
The albendazole or mebendazole tablets for worms with a similar action. A substance that is included in their composition, inhibits the absorption of food to the parasites and they die. Used against nematodes and tissue parasites. The medicine comes in a dosage of 400 mg. Children are assigned a dose based on their weight – 6 mg / kg of body weight. Contraindications – pregnancy and lactation, age under 2 years, retinal disease.
Like many other anthelmintic drugs, these pills from worms it is necessary to chew in your mouth. The course of treatment depends on the severity of the disease, in severe cases can last a month.
When the drug is taken three times a day 400 mg, from 4 to 10 days dose increased to 500 mg. When mixed 1 tablet 2 times a day for 3 days.
At one time a day. The dose for children 2-5 years and 25 mg for children 6-10 years old — 50 mg, children above 10 years and adults is 100 mg. after 2 weeks the course is repeated.
These tablets from worms it is recommended to take after meals. Contraindications and ulcerative colitis, liver failure, Crohn's disease.
Praziquantel – tablets broad spectrum for adults and children older than 4 years. Apply in the case of the detection of lung and liver flukes mixed in. Active against parasites.
The dosage depends on the disease. With the defeat of the veins of the abdominal cavity and intestinal – 40 mg/kg body weight. A single dose of the drug. With the defeat of the other veins to 30 mg/kg twice a day. Heavy treated with a daily dose of 60-75 mg/kg. triple Reception, 6-hour break.
Fluke treated with a daily dose of 25 mg/kg, three times welcome. Treatment requires 75 mg/kg / day in 3 divided doses of 10-25 mg, administration of a single.
The duration of the course of treatment does not usually exceed 1 day. treated 2 days (25 mg per day, three doses) up to 4 days (50 mg, three doses).
A tablet from worms is quite toxic, so watch for possible side effects. However, they are rare, except in those cases when the patient exceeds the dosage. It is contraindicated liver failure and in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Given the large number of contraindications and high toxicity of some of pills for all kinds of worms for the person before their admission should consult a doctor. This is especially true in cases if the disease has affected pregnant women and young children, because it is very easy sometimes to choose the right drug, which would have been both quite effective.
Taking certain medications must be accompanied by a reception of sorbents, which would be taken out parasites from the intestine.
Also, to improve the efficiency of funds, you need to eat right. During therapy it is recommended to exclude from the menu, spicy, very sweet and sour dishes.
Clearly, a tablet from worms, in most cases, help patients, if the disease is not running, or the patient has no contraindications. However, it is much easier to prevent disease than to drink a poisonous preparations, which include a large part of the pills against parasites.
For this it is enough to observe simple rules of hygiene – wash hands before eating, after using the toilet and work with the earth, eat unwashed fruits and vegetables, raw or undercooked meat or fish, no drinking water, especially from natural sources, to avoid contact with unfamiliar animals, especially wild.
It is also necessary as early as possible to teach hygiene to children. For disease prevention it is recommended to eat raw onions and garlic, red pepper.