To diagnose parasitosis is a finding of fact of invasion, which has caused her, the stage at which the disease, intensity of infection, status of psidium in the body. None of the currently available diagnostic methods are not able to show full picture of the invasion. This requires a comprehensive survey, which includes various methods of examination.
Diagnosis of parasites in the human body
Methods used include traditional technologies that are used for a long time, and modern high-tech methods.
Traditional methods of diagnosis include.
With it installed, for example, schistosomiasis (pathogen; blood parasites). The study of the sputum of the patient. Used for diagnosing paragonimiasis caused by the lung parasite.
When Duodenal sounding checked for larvae and eggs of helminths in the biological material taken from the duodenum, bile ducts, gall bladder, pancreas.
Not so long ago, this exam was the only screening for the presence of worms. It emerged larvae, eggs, adults or fragments of helminths localized in the intestines. If any of this was, the analysis was positive, i.e. confirmed the presence of worms.
In some helminthiasise this proven method is still the basic test of helminthic incursio. However, diagnosis of parasitic worms with it allows you not always with absolute certainty confirm or refute the presence of infection. Eggs, larvae and fragments of worms even in the presence of invasion can be detected in the stool not always. As for objective reasons and subjective. As subjective reasons for a negative diagnosis in the actual presence of invasion can be called a banal carelessness of the technician. Among the objective factors includes temporary stages in the parasite's life cycle during which they do not breed. For example, have not yet reached puberty or are in the completion stage of its life cycle. This is also the case when there was an infection by worms of only one sex; males or females. Naturally, in this case, the reproduction impossible. To use the stool to get a result close to real, you should take the sample multiple times given the life cycle of helminth'. And in this case success is guaranteed not always.
Today for diagnostics using both traditional methods and modern developed relatively recently.
A feature of almost all types of survey is that none of them is able to give a fully accurate result for all parameters of the infestation. Right considered a comprehensive approach that is not one but several diagnostic studies. A comparison of data obtained in different ways, allows you to set all the parameters of invasiveness, which are required to cope with the disease quickly and without complications. Modern methods of surveys based on the use of high-tech diagnostic equipment and accurate laboratory studies.
These requirements consist of.
Biochemical and General blood analysis
The results of the analysis can provide indirect evidence of infestation. Elevated ESR and eosinophils, low hemoglobin levels may be the result parasitica morbis, although not necessarily. If the biochemical analysis of blood an increased level of amylase, bilirubin, transaminase, it also may indicate infestation. But again, not with absolute precision.
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
The method is based on specific reactions of the complex; antigen-antibody". Antigen; it is a foreign substance, for example, the product of metabolism of helminths. Antibodies (immunoglobulin); a protein of the immune system, the function of which is reactive with the antigen for subsequent recognition and destruction of foreign agent. Technology ELISA as follows. Samples of blood serum of the patient are placed in the wells of plastic plates. They are added to the antigens of parasites. If the serum has antibodies to this worm (that is, there is contamination), the formation of molecular complexes; antigen-antibody. To identify them use the dyes that come with them in the enzymatic reaction. The density of staining determined the intensity of infection. The accuracy of the ELISA up to 90%. It is very important that IFA allows you to set not only the kind of helminth, but also the stage at which invasion is, to trace the dynamics of its development.
Haemo intuens an
The main difference vivamus sanguinem analysis from a routine blood test in the speed of obtaining results. As well as the ability to assess not only quantitative but also qualitative indicators.
Blood taken from a finger, immediately seen on a special microscope with a magnification of about 2000 times. In this case it is not added to the fixing material, as with conventional analysis. This means the research is the life blood of the. Haemo intuens an allows to determine the composition and deviation from the norm of the set of its indices. Under a powerful microscope it is well visible the larvae of the parasite, which are indisputable evidence of the presence of helminthiasis'.
Diagnostics using magnetic resonance tomography is based on obtaining accumsan accumsan per (tomographic) images of tissues and organs by using nuclear magnetic resonance. MRI of the abdomen allows you to see clusters of parasites and caused their lesions.
Serology (lat. serum serum) Department of science that deals with the study of blood serum. Based on serological tests is the reaction between antibodies and antigens.
The above-described method of enzyme immunoassay is one of the subspecies of serological studies. Using serologies can be set larvae stage following parasitosis:
Developed many technologies for serological diagnosis, which allow to identify the different types and stages of invasions. Ranging from helminth infections caused by worms length of 10 meters or more, parasitosis, which are excited by the tiniest of intracellular forms of pathogens.
RAC (reaction of complement binding). Compliment proteins of the immune system, whose task is to prepare pathogens for uptake by their macrophages, that is, to destruction.
IHR (reaction of indirect hemagglutination). Based on precipitation (agglutination) of red blood cells with the captured antigen. Depending on the precipitate is judged on the presence and degree of contamination.
AHR. Agglutination (precipitation) and lysis (dissolution of cells) Leptospira (genus of bacteria). Used in particular for the detection of typhus.
PCR. The acronym stands for, as polymerase chain reaction. PCR is the examination of samples to determine her DNA worms. Allows to diagnose not only the lesson but also diseases caused by protozoan micro-organisms up to their intracellular forms. The accuracy of PCR reaches 90%.
Accurate examination requires a comprehensive approach in which various methods of diagnostics, which complement each other information. In particular, serological laboratory tests complemented by radiographic, ultrasonic, tomographic, and other methods of hardware diagnostics.
Additional methods of diagnosis
Sometimes you may need studies that are not included in the main. Among these additional methods – histological coprogram, and electro-resonance diagnostics. Histological coprogram. Study powerful microscopes of the finest slices of feces to detect parasites of the elements. Electro-diagnosis. Research method based on the determination of electrical conductivity of human skin in biologically active points. According to its deviation from the norm is judged on the presence of disease.
The basis of bio-resonance diagnostics is based on the assumption that living tissues and organs generate special biofield. They can log in to interact (resonate) with electromagnetic or other fields that created diagnostic and therapeutic devices. Due to this interaction can be set any pathology, including signs of worms in the human body. Diagnosis and treatment based on bio-resonare relate to alternative medicine, and are not officially supported destinations.
Treatment of parasitoses
According to the results of diagnostic tests, the doctor develops a treatment plan. It must be aimed not only at destroying the worms, but also clean the body of toxins. As those that have been highlighted in the body of the patient when the life of the worms and coming from the decomposition of their dead bodies. in addition, it should be suppleverunt deficiency of vitamins and minerals that occurs during invasion, restored immune system. Part of comprehensive treatment includes different therapeutic measures.
Antiparasitic therapy (deworming). It consists in taking synthetic anthelmintic drugs such as albendazole, levamisole, medamine, thiabendazole and others. The dosage and the regimen the doctor prescribes, based on the diagnostic data and the individual characteristics of the patient.
Surgical treatment. Some types and stages of helminth infections, such as hydatid disease of the brain or a complicated form of ascariasis with the formation of abscesses in the liver requiring surgical intervention.
Following a certain diet. Provides for the use of those products, which weaken and delay the development of parasites. And off meals that create an environment favorable for the life of the worms.
Compliance with the rules of hygiene. Maintaining personal frequency, the use of only the individual subjects, limiting contact with infected people and animals.
Strengthening the body and restoring the immune system. Is provided with vitamins, minerals, probiotics, enterosorbents' and other means, which allow to eliminate the consequences of the invasion.
At all stages of treatment it is useful to use traditional medicines in the form of infusions, powders or mixtures of medicinal plants. Taken pumpkin seeds, wormwood, tansy, chanterelle mushrooms and other herbal and Fung medicinae.
Without proper diagnosis, effective treatment possible. Medicine has a wide range of diagnostic tools parasitosis. The main exam of the feces, which helps to identify the adults or fragments of worms, eggs and larvae. Serological studies of blood serum, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, x-ray, ultrasound, MRI etc. What survey methods to use in each case is determined by the physician based on the clinical picture.