Parasites in children: symptoms, remedies for treatment, tests

Helminths, or worms can easily get into a child's body. In the process of development, children are actively acquainted with the surrounding world and often taste the ground, the contaminated sand and various items. Most children do not leave without attention and your fingers. Infection can occur from playing with the animal, while walking, in contact with dirty things. That is why the parasites are present in children more often than adults. Time to start the necessary treatment of worms, it is necessary to know its symptoms.

To the naked eye you cannot see the larvae and eggs of helminths. Existing in children, worms can retain their activity for several years. When released into the various organs of the worms develop and poison the whole body with toxins. Most favorable for the development of helminthes is the intestines.

Parasites in children - types of worms, photos

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  • tapeworms. These include bovine and porcine cepni and tapeworm wide.
  • roundworms (nematodes). This kind of worms include roundworm, pinworm.
  • trematodes. To him experts consider schistosome and hepatic ligation.

The most commonly occur in children pinworms and ascarids. Pinworms are small white worms. They lay their eggs near the anus, therefore this form of the disease characterized by itching about the anus. Size ascarids small – their length does not exceed 0.5 cm. Giardia

Also the baby may show up sloppy and Giardia. The length of the first parasites can be up to 5 cm These parasites live in the intestines and can exist in the human body for 6 years. Giardia – worms of microscopic size. They settle not only in the intestine of the child, but also in the gallbladder. To detect the presence of Giardia is not just required to take the biochemical blood tests and carry out the examination of feces in a very short period after defecation.

A rather large and dangerous helminths are Toksokary. The adult parasites of this species can reach 18 cm Toksokary cause the child's cough, fever, dyspnea, pruritus and rash.

All the parasites in the organism of children provoke the development of various dangerous diseases – immunosuppression, the appearance of inflammatory processes in organs, metabolic disorders. Its waste products of worms poison the whole body of a child. As a result of abnormalities in the immune system, a child is often sick infectious inflammatory diseases. The toxins that the worms secrete very negative impact on the body of the baby. Very often, children have flatulence, intestinal obstruction, disorders of stool and digestion.

Signs and symptoms of Helminthiasis

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All parents should know the signs of parasites in children. First of all, when infected by Helminthiasis observed a decrease of body weight of the child. Characteristic of Helminthiasis is also a change of appetite. It can be reinforced or, conversely, reduced. Craving for food are infected with parasites of the child increased, disappears.

Distinguished and common signs of the presence in children of worms. In addition to weight loss and not stable appetite, nausea, various digestive disorders, bloating, itching around the anus. Often the development of allergies, skin rashes, as the worms violate the metabolic processes in the human body. When Helminthiasis increases the crying baby, the child suffers from restless sleep, lethargy, tires easily or, conversely, is often highly excited.

Some of the children when infected with worms can develop hemorrhoids. This is due to frequent constipation with Helminthiasis, which cause the overexertion of rectum. The activity of the worms a very negative impact on the microflora and condition of the mucosa of the body and often causes inflammation in the intestines, as well as the emergence of hemorrhoids.

The main symptom of the disease in children under one year is unstable mood and moodiness. Often there may be dizziness and headache. Painful sensations in the epigastric region should alert parents – they may be the cause of the infestation.

The presence in the feces is the basis for immediate treatment to the doctor. The doctor will prescribe the necessary tests and refer to specialists for further examination and treatment.

It is important to know that the presence of parasites in the body of the child very negative impact on his health. Worms feed on human cells, tissues and fluids, and the remains of digested food. Infected with worms the child is not receiving the vitamins and other nutrients. The kid loses weight, often sick to colds, allergies and digestive disorders. When Helminthiasis is often may begin a lag in growth and development.

Who are in the child's body, the parasites cause damage to the tissues of the body. Which live in the intestines the worms disrupt its motor activity, resulting in constipation and intestinal obstruction. As a result of life evolving parasites dysbiosis, and disrupted microflora of the body.

Helminthiasis can lead to urinary incontinence, a creak teeth at night, increased number of colds. Over 90% of all infestations in children cause such helminths, like nematodes, which are parasitic in the intestinal lumen. It is very important to consult a doctor and undergo the necessary examination, which will help to identify the type of parasites present in the child's body.

Tests for parasites in the child — blood, urine, feces

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To identify Helminthiasis must undergo a number of studies of feces, urine and blood. Tests for parasites, the child is taken home and in the laboratory. Usually the doctor prescribes the analysis of a feces on eggs of helminths and the surrender of scraping on enterobiasis. However, it is important to know that the result of the study may not always be accurate. Helminth eggs are not always able to be present in the stool. It is necessary to catch the breeding of the worms.

Helminthiasis may also confirm a common blood test which shows low levels of hemoglobin and increased numbers of eosinophils. A doctor can be assigned to blood tests for determination of antibodies to common types of parasites. Often manifested helminthiasis in children in the form of allergies and various skin rashes.

Modern methods of diagnosis of the presence of parasites are more accurate. Duodenal sensing allows the physician to obtain a complete picture of the condition of the intestines and gall bladder. Also effective in the diagnosis of helminthiasis of various immunological studies. The doctor may perform the ELISA test (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Helminthiasis also help to identify PCR-diagnosis, agglutination of the latex, the reaction of indirect hemagglutination.

Only after all assigned studies, the doctor selects the medication therapy. Treatment of helminthiasis in children may be long.

Treatment

For pest control it is necessary to treat not only the child but also all family members. This will prevent re-infection. Prescribed a remedy for parasites in children should not cause any side effects and to be safe enough.

In the treatment of the child it is very important to follow the correct drug dosage. Otherwise, the assigned tool can have a negative impact on the child's body, to cause adverse events, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting and change of blood counts.

In the complex treatment of helminthiasis are also used various chelators and enzyme preparations. They allow you to bring the body of the child toxins and waste products of the worms.

Cleansing of parasites can be carried out using such known means as a monastic tea. This herbal can be taken as an ordinary beverage, children with pleasure drink. Antiparasitic monastic tea is additional highly effective tool in the overall drug therapy aimed at the elimination of worms. Tea contains in its composition various extracts of herbs that have long been used for cleaning the body from parasites. This natural product restores intestinal flora and purifies the body of worms.

In the treatment of older children you can use various folk remedies. Well helps to cope with helminthiasis eating pumpkin seeds, garlic, chamomile. You can give the child to drink carrot juice on an empty stomach. Great folk remedy for worms is hemp oil. It should take 1 teaspoon 2 times a day. For the baby oil can be applied to a piece of bread.

Independent treatment of helminthiasis can not be carried out in any case! All medicines should be administered by a physician after identifying the species of parasites.

Prevention

Prevention of parasites in children should include a mandatory personal hygiene. It is very important to wash the child's hands with soap and water after walks and socializing with Pets. It is also necessary to conduct regular water treatments, wash the anal area and genitals after using the toilet.

To avoid reinfestation it is important to periodically give a child safe non-toxic remedies for bowel cleansing. It can be biologically active supplements based on natural ingredients or simple folk remedies, decoctions of herbs, which are used in the treatment of helminthiasis.

Prevention should also involve the handling of the underwear of the child with a hot iron. Required time to change linen, wash it, and then ironed with a hot iron. This treatment is excellent disinfectant things and removes helminth eggs.

Performing simple hygienic rules helps to avoid re-infestation. It is necessary to conduct deworming of all Pets contained there. Helminths are present in many cats and dogs, or animals are their carriers. Timely deworming of the animal will give a guarantee that a pet is not a threat to child transmission of parasites.

It is important to observe cleanliness of floors, household items and toys with which the child plays. The use of dirty vegetables and fruits can also be a source of infection with worms. To warn him to allow the processing of products with boiling water. Meat and fish need to cook baby for at least 40 minutes. Poorly cooked meat and fish dishes can be the cause of the infection helminthiasis. The implementation of all the above rules and preventive measures will help to maintain the health of the child and the whole family.

25.07.2018