Worms in the human body: photos and treatment methods

which worms can live in the human body

Even the development of technologies and household chemicals with a variety of detergents does not free our society from parasite infestation. The number one reason is dirty hands.

There are types of worms that are not dangerous to humans and can be removed from the body without much difficulty. However, parasitologists also know those who kill their prey.

What worms can live in us?

Helminths can settle in animal and human bodies. They are not in vain called parasites, because they feed on the resources of the body they have infected. And worms harm not only by eating the foods we are entitled to, but they also disrupt the normal functioning of the liver, heart, lungs and other organs. There are known cases of its penetration into the hearing aid, eyes and brain.

Those who more often than not come as unwanted "guests" have been divided by experts into three groups. These types of parasites have become champions in number of infections, since more than 70% of the registered cases of infection are theirs.

Here is a brief description:

  1. Roundwormscombine moths, roundworms and so-called canine roundworms (another name is toxocara).
  2. The simplest parasites.Include lamblia, amoeba, toxoplasmosis and malaria plasmodium.
  3. Flatworms.This class includes echinococcus, broad tapeworm here and there (difilobotria) and bovine tapeworm.

Any of the 150 types of parasitic creatures can cause helminthiasis (worm infection). Scientists have discovered many more of them, 12, 000 species of helminths are known to science. Let's consider in more detail which worms live in the human body.

The most common types are:

  1. Pinworms.Very small white earthworms that live and reproduce in the digestive tract of their prey. Above all, this type of worms causes damage that violates the microflora of the intestinal tract. This negative effect becomes the cause of subsequent diseases of the genitourinary system, enterobiasis, disorders of the nervous system, delayed physical growth and mental development. Dirty hands, unwashed food and pets are considered the main routes of human infection.
  2. Ascaris.These worms, developing in the human body, sometimes reach 0, 4 meters in length. Ascaris is able to move to the lung area of ​​its permanent habitat, the intestinal tract. During the trip, the worm damages the tissues, which leads to hemorrhage. When the larvae are expelled from the upper respiratory tract, they enter the oral cavity and are swallowed by the digestive system. An outside observer mistakes a cough of this type for a cold. They also hinder the fact that they poison the microflora of the intestinal tract with toxins. In turn, they feed on useful substances intended for us. Body poisoning causes allergies, as well as asthma attacks and suffocation. Dirty hands are the preferred means of transportation for Ascaris when they move into a new body.
  3. Vlasoglav.He received a well-deserved third place in the number of infections. This worm enters the body of a new victim through poorly processed foods. Causes tricocephalosis disease. The patient loses his appetite, complains of abdominal pain, anemia and diarrhea. The external manifestations of the disease may not be immediately distinguished from an attack of appendicitis.
  4. Wide bandIn a sense, this worm claims to be the champion in length, as it reaches 10 meters and sometimes even more. But there are parasites and more genuine ones. It settles with the consumption of freshwater fish. The worm sucks from the "owner" everything that should have strengthened and nourished the person himself. It is not selective in organ damage and is capable of harming everyone. The signs of an infestation by this worm are headaches and hallucinations (if it enters the brain), nausea and vomiting. Their actions and partial appearance are similar to those of the pork and beef tapeworms, but they are longer than that of this worm.
  5. Hookwormsdo not penetrate food and the mouth. Their path is different, as they infect us through the skin. Living on contaminated soil, they seem to be waiting for contact with people. The harm is that hookworms damage the intestines and lungs and also feed on blood. The symptoms are associated with abdominal pain and problems with the functioning of the esophagus.
  6. Trichinella.Worm infestation occurs when eating meat (especially game). Its presence in the body gives such external manifestations:
    • abdominal pain;
    • itching;
    • high fever (after two weeks of hospitalization);
    • intestinal disorders;
    • rash
    • .

    Important.Worms of this type damage the muscle tissues of a person's limbs and face, damage the respiratory system and even the heart, which is fatal.

    types of parasites in the human body
  7. Liver fasciolesettles in a person through the consumption of fish, previously affected by it. This worm damages the gallbladder and intestines. Signs of plague infestation: allergies and nausea, abdominal pain and cramps, joints also hurt, high temperature. If the disease has become chronic, the next stage is hepatitis. The most dire consequences of the liver worm invasion are cirrhosis and cancer. If that helminth is destroyed and removed, the damage done to it will be very noticeable and the inflammation of the liver will remain.
  8. Echinococcus.The tapeworms are also quite large in length and grow to 5 meters. They lead a parasitic lifestyle in dogs, wolves and cats. When a person comes into contact with them, the worms first damage the intestines and then migrate throughout the body. The most favorite places for fixation are the liver and lungs. The places where they are located are mistakenly diagnosed as a tumor or cancerous cyst. Some doctors use the term "cyst" in this way because it looks like a tumor and becomes very large. When an imaginary tumor explodes, its contents seriously poison the entire human body.

People sometimes treat helminthic invasion as something unpleasant, but easily tolerated. Consequently, their beliefs do not encourage them to be extremely careful when coming into contact with any type of dirt, poorly processed food or contact with pets.

This criminal negligence has its unfortunate fruits. Worms are capable of killing their prey, in addition to pain and organ damage. The most dangerous are helminths that feed on blood and nutrients within a person.

The differences between parasitic worms are in the degree of damage caused and the method of penetrating the body of a new "host". The echinococci are known for the formation of cysts, the bovine tapeworm damages the intestines, the opisthorchis constantly feeds on the liver. Every day it does not count a certain number of cells.

Protozoan parasites multiply very quickly when conditions are right. Giardia seems to be in hiding for a while, and there are no demonstrations. Toxoplasms reach a person's head, affecting his brain, which affects the victim's behavior.

Plasmodium malaria kills blood cells and is capable of leading the victim to death.

Consequences of infection:

  • development of malignant tumors;
  • immunity weakens;
  • metabolism is disturbed.

Most helminths live in the intestinal tract, liver and lungs. Some cases indicate damage to muscle tissue, joints, eyes and brain. Through the flow of blood, parasites are able to migrate throughout the body, creating problems wherever they appear.

Symptoms of the presence of parasites

The manifestations of helminthic invasion are very different from each other. But they also have common symptoms:

which parasites can live in the human body
  • muscle pain that weakens and swells;
  • the joints hurt, although they have not been injured;
  • the liver and spleen increase in size;
  • rash
  • ;
  • high temperature.

You can add to them:

  • itching near the anus, pain in the abdomen, disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract, constipation, vomiting, diarrhea and intestinal distension, perhaps even its obstruction, weakens and complains of anemia;
  • poisoning by parasitic secretions disrupts the functioning of the nervous system, causing headaches, dizziness and nausea. As parasites eat substances designed to strengthen a person, the body weakens and constantly pulls to sleep, fatigue for no reason, disturbed sleep and it is difficult even to do serious mental work;
  • itching and allergies, hives, brittle hair and nails, signs of bronchial asthma, rhinitis and dry cough;
  • weakened immunity gives access to various types of infections, inflammation in the mouth and nose causes stomatitis, sinusitis and sinusitis;
  • women develop inflammation of the appendages and secretion with a fishy smell (bacterial vaginosis).

Worms sometimes bring an infected person's body into such a state that a full healthy life, even after removal, is no longer possible. Therefore, when you discover any of the symptoms, consult a doctor urgently.

Photos of worms that can live in you

Worms of various types, sizes and shapes can settle in the human body. They use any method of migration to live at someone else's expense. It is believed that 4/5 of the population of our planet undergoes a helminthic invasion and carries with it several parasites. A person may not even imagine that he is not alone eating food, but also a "tenant" in the intestines.

The symptoms of its presence are not immediate and not all are pronounced. And a long stay of worms will lead the body to chronic diseases. Many diseases are believed to start with worms. Before starting treatment, you must first know your internal enemy so as not to fight blindly.

The worms that inhabit a person are divided into types:

  • roundworms;
  • tapeworms;
  • chance.

Even looking at a picture of a parasite is not a very pleasant experience, but it is much worse to carry it inside you. It seems to people that someone might have an invasion, but it won't affect me. What a shock it is when they discover that a monster has come and settled in its own body!

pictures of parasites in the human body

Thanks to these materials, intelligent people are more armed to protect themselves and their loved ones. But nobody and nothing should do for themselves in the destruction of unwanted "guests".

If the parasites are different, the treatment is not always the same. Do not give the same pill for lice and mites, there are significant differences in lifestyle, places of settlement and method of infection. First, they discover the type of helminths, the direction of their harmful activity, and only then does the doctor select a drug, taking into account the age and other health characteristics of each patient.

Thus, having received sufficient information about the types of worms, symptoms, degree of damage, the reader can be diagnosed and pass the appropriate tests, which will be prescribed by a parasitologist. Not all worms are equally dangerous, but any one of their types poisons the body with its waste, and each feeds on something of ours: food or body tissues.

For your information.The term "parasite" comes from the Greek word for parasite. Two or more organisms live side by side, but one "sits on the other's neck", feeding and reproducing at the expense of someone else. The digestive system may contain multicellular helminths and protozoa. Tapeworms, roundworms and pinworms are quite common. They have a relatively complex body structure.

The vast majority of helminths negatively affect general well-being and human health, causing the development of very serious diseases. Keeping this in mind, when the first signs of discomfort that do not go away during the treatment of a cold or rash with headaches appear, it is worthwhile to see a doctor for a diagnosis consultation.

Today, doctors have sufficient methods and high-precision technologies to confirm or deny suspected parasitic worm infection. If helminths are found, only a specialist can choose the most appropriate course of treatment.

How to prevent helminthic invasion? Do you need to constantly limit yourself to one vacation or another, literally "trapping" your life in the grip of observing complex postulates?

In fact, intestinal parasite infestation and subsequent treatment can be avoided by following very simple rules:

  • wash your hands with soap only;
  • drink filtered water;
  • not only wash fruits and vegetables with water, but it is even better to dip them in boiling water;
  • avoid swimming in polluted bodies of water;
  • meat and fish products must undergo compulsory heat treatment;
  • children's toys used outdoors are disinfected;
  • Vaccinate pets against parasites.

Conclusion

But everyone must start with themselves, because all modern achievements mean nothing if you just neglect personal hygiene and preventive measures for the family members who live in our home. Pay attention to your health, detect in time (if an infection has occurred), competently and in a timely manner to start treatment - all of this will help prevent major personal problems and the spread of the disease in your environment.

It is much easier to prevent parasitic worms than to suffer deteriorating health, all kinds of illnesses and fever, and then you still need to follow the rules. Not just a course in hygiene, but treatment, diet and restoration of immunity. And it's good if you run out of operations. Take care, it's easier.

05.11.2020