Sometimes, big problems in a person are caused by seemingly insignificant reasons, for example, the appearance of microorganisms, subcutaneous parasites. Nobody is immune to them, so you need to have at least a general idea about it.
Among all the parasites that affect human skin, there are cutaneous and subcutaneous ones. The former do not pose a serious danger to people, as they do not cause disease. Parasites on human skin feed on your blood. The second group penetrates the thickness of the skin, leaving eggs and larvae there. These parasites in the body should be given special attention.
If the parasites have settled under the skin, they never stay in one place, but begin to move through the tissues in different directions. This usually leads to the most serious, sometimes incurable, diseases.
The parasites are very small and invisible to the naked eye. Doctors locate them by listening to patients' complaints, analyzing symptoms, signs and identifying possible forms of helminth infection.
The most common:
Each of the following parasites can cause:
The most common parasites in humans are scabies mites, which usually live in the deep layers of the epidermis. During the day they are busy looking for food, eating tallow and cosmetics. At night, they return to the shelter again, causing intense itching. Multiple rashes and blisters form on the skin. People are usually infected by animals, but the transmission of infection by a sick person is not excluded.
Dracunculiasis (Risht worm) belongs to worms and subcutaneous parasites. Some individuals reach a length of 120 cm. Worms are most often found in the tropics. It is easy to become infected with them, just swim in a polluted reservoir. Having entered the body, the worm remains there for years.
These subcutaneous worms hit a person's leg by invoking:
Demodecose is a parasitic mite that chooses the sebaceous glands of the skin as a habitat. Symptoms of the disease in humans are seen in the form of profuse acne on the cheeks, forehead and around the eyes, and loss of eyelashes is often seen.
Another representative of subcutaneous worms in humans is cysticercosis. The causative agent is the larvae of pig tapeworms. Infection of the body occurs through water or unboiled food. Worms are located at:
The worms live in the body for many years, manifesting themselves in the form of urticaria-like symptoms (rashes). Swelling and thickening form under the skin, which become quite dense over time.
Inhabitants of African and Asian bodies of water - worms that cause schistosomiasis. The worms affect the skin and the genitourinary system. The main symptoms are expressed:
Another inhabitant is subcutaneous worms filariasis. It is considered the most dangerous species among parasitic helminths, as the worm can multiply in the human body for many years, without manifesting itself at first. However, over time, the infected person begins to experience symptoms similar to urticaria, and then vision problems appear, bumps form under the skin and everything ends in fever.
Get vaccinated to prevent infection by helminth worms before traveling to warm countries.
The successful treatment of a person with worm diseases occurs with the correct diagnosis. The difficulty is that the symptoms of the parasites are usually similar to other pathologies of internal organs, as well as the signs of allergy.
In order to prescribe the correct therapeutic course, which guarantees the removal of subcutaneous helminths from the body, it is necessary to determine the specific type of pest. For this, several laboratory tests are performed:
For an accurate determination of the parasite, tests are performed:
For a timely diagnosis of the disease, a person who has noticed atypical itching and skin lesions should consult specialists, not one, but several: an allergist, dermatologist, infectious disease specialist and a neurologist.
The methods of treating the results of the parasites' vital activity are varied and are related to the number, degree of skin lesions, symptoms and also the location. Almost all cases must be treated individually. Regardless of the symptoms, there are several traditional treatments for parasites.
The elimination of ticks under human skin is accomplished with the use of various drugs that can destroy subcutaneous worms and other types of pests. In many cases, doctors prescribe ascaris medications.
Antihistamines and antibiotic ointments or gels should be included in the course of therapy. It is advisable to add vasoconstrictor drugs, such as the adrenaline-resorcinol solution, to drugs to fight parasites. Only the right choice of treatment and dosing regimen will allow you to successfully expel pathogenic pests from the human body.
When a parasite infects a person's internal organs (for example, dranculosis), doctors resort to surgical intervention. Before performing the procedure, it is necessary to schedule a comprehensive examination that will allow the worm to be located on the body. Sometimes worms can even be found in the brain.
It is possible to get rid of parasites that live under the skin with the help of a conservative technique and surgery. Therapy sometimes lasts a long time, especially with hidden symptoms, so in addition to traditional drug treatment, it is useful to add traditional medicine.
The fight against subcutaneous parasites has sometimes dragged on for years, and inaction is fraught with unpredictable consequences. Traditional outbreaks of parasite spread include water, food, a sick person and poor hygiene.
Medical recommendations for the prevention of such diseases include the following rules: