Genitourinary parasites and how they appear in the body

Helminthiasis is a disease in which parasites develop in the human body. With a person's wrong lifestyle, helminths develop in the genitourinary system. In the context of the development of parasites, a variety of diseases can arise.

General information

The onset of pathology in the urinary cavity is diagnosed in the context of exposure to echinococci, filarias, schistosomes. In most cases, infection by parasites is carried out via the fecal-oral route.

Helminths also enter the body through water or food. In most cases, the disease occurs in people who consume unwashed vegetables and fruits.

Types of parasites in the human genitourinary system

Most parasites damage the digestive system. But, there are certain types of helminthic invasions that penetrate the human urogenital system and begin to parasitize in it.

Enterobiasis

symptoms of enterobiasis in humans

Enterobiasis belongs to the category of parasitic diseases that develop in the gastrointestinal tract. With the early treatment of the disease, the parasites penetrate other organs, including the genitourinary system.

The onset of the pathology is diagnosed when exposed to worms. The worm length reaches 5 millimeters.

The parasites violate the integrity of the walls of the urinary cavity. With the prolonged course of the disease, patients are diagnosed with the development of bleeding. Pinworms lead to the development of severe kidney disease.

With a long course of the disease, cancer is observed in the genitourinary system. In most cases, urinary incontinence is a complication of the pathology.

Filariasis

Filariasis is a helminth that can be up to 45 centimeters in length. The larvae are transported by mosquitoes, which transmit them through bites.

Then, active reproduction and helminth parasitism are observed in the genitourinary system. The disease is characterized by several stages of development.

When the larva enters the human body, the lymph nodes swell. In addition, the pathological process is accompanied by a rash.

If timely treatment of the disease is not carried out, this will lead to an enlarged lymph node to a critical size and rupture.

A very common complication of the pathology is hiluria, which is accompanied by the connection of urine and lymph. After that, there is an accumulation of lymph in the abdominal cavity. In the last phase, the appearance of elephantiasis is diagnosed.

The removal of external worms is carried out through the genitourinary system. With this disease, the patient is diagnosed with pain. Impurities in the blood appear in the urine.

Schistosomiasis

manifestations of schistosomiasis in humans

The disease occurs when exposed to a schistosome worm, which parasites the circulatory system. In length, the parasite can reach 20 centimeters. Up to three thousand eggs are fertilized every day. The larvae are absorbed through the walls of the urinary cavity.

Parasite infiltration is carried out in poor quality water. A characteristic of helminths is that they penetrate the body even through micro-wounds.

At the injury site, an inflammatory process develops, which is accompanied by redness and itching of the skin.

When parasites move through the genitourinary system, patients are diagnosed with the appearance of general malaise. In addition, patients complain of pain in the abdomen.

In the next stage, the signs of the disease disappear. If 6 months have passed after the infection, a small amount of blood is diagnosed in the urine, which gradually increases.

When parasiting shale, patients can develop cystitis, tumors in the genitourinary system, inflammation of the kidneys and the appearance of stones in them. Women can be diagnosed with genital parasite damage.

Echinococcosis

This disease develops through the consumption of unwashed fruits and vegetables. It also appears when eating raw meat and fish. The spread of parasites by the human body is carried out through the blood.

During the course of pathology, a person develops unpleasant symptoms. With pathology, people complain about the occurrence of malaise and weakness, even when they do their usual activities.

The worms cause kidney pain. In addition, patients complain of itchy skin.

Symptoms of the disease

If the urinary tract is affected by parasites, this will lead to the occurrence of the corresponding symptoms. In the early stages of the disease, severe itching occurs.

Patients may develop rashes and redness of the epithelial skin. Often, urogenital parasites cause enlarged lymph nodes. Bladder infection is not seen immediately after helminths enter the human body.

The disease is accompanied, in most cases, by painful and itchy rashes. In the area affected by parasites, the epidermis may turn red.

Patients complain of unpleasant sensations during intercourse. In Organs genitals, with the penetration of parasites, eruptions appear. In women, vaginal bleeding is diagnosed.

Blood impurities appear in the patient's urine. The pathological process is accompanied by nervous disorders. During the bladder emptying period, patients experience pain.

Patients complain of headaches or migraines in the pathology. It is usually accompanied by a variety of nervous disorders. Patients complain of constant fatigue and sleep instability.

With the pathology, patients have decreased appetite, which leads to rapid weight loss. The disease is accompanied by diarrhea, which can be replaced by constipation. Often, after parasites penetrate the body, an increase in body temperature is observed in patients.

In parasites of a person's genitourinary system, the corresponding symptoms develop, which requires urgent medical consultation.

Treatment

Therapy of a pathological condition begins with a diagnosis. For this, instrumental and laboratory methods are used. The diagnosis is made 1, 5 months after the alleged infection.

Preliminary immunological tests are recommended, with the help of which antibodies against worms are determined.

The choice of the method of treating a pathological process depends directly on the type of worms that have been caused. With cystostomy, the disease is cured only under stationary conditions.

In this case, drug therapy is used. It is recommended that patients be treated with special anthelmintic drugs.

To ensure complete treatment of helminthic invasion, it is recommended that the patient be subjected to several courses of treatment.

To improve the performance of the damaged organ, pathogenic and symptomatic treatment is recommended.

If the patient is infected again, therapy is performed with antibacterials belonging to the tetracycline series. To enhance the therapeutic effect, the use of antihistamines is recommended.

If a patient develops symptoms of filariasis, he should be hospitalized. To reduce lymphostasis, the swollen limb is fixed in an elevated position. At the same time, the use of compression garments is recommended.

In difficult cases, the disease is treated surgically. To eliminate parasitic infection, the use of an antiparasitic is recommended.

If the patient has an allergic reaction to the medication, the simultaneous use of antihistamines is recommended.

Parasites in the genitourinary system develop in extremely rare cases. But, they are very dangerous. Therefore, when the first symptoms of helminthic invasion appear, the patient must be subjected to appropriate examinations.

Only after determining the type of pathogen, the patient will receive a treatment prescription according to their individual characteristics and the severity of the pathology.

06.09.2020