What types of parasites are the most dangerous for the human body, ways of dealing

The bot phenomenon is the most common disease on the planet. The parasites were still living yeah our existence and easy adapt to any climate changes.

Some parasites in the human body side by side with us all their lives and do not cause big health problems. Hello most species are destroying the host organism and cause various diseases.

The risk of helminth infections to humans

Parasitic agents reproduce and live in Celje host, causing significant changes in the body. This also leads to the development of chronic diseases that constantly recur.

Parasites in the gut

Localization of the parasites can reside in any part of a person, but often worms live in the bodies:

  • Gastrointestinal tract,
  • Joint
  • Muscle
  • In the liver, and the kidneys,
  • In the organs of vision,
  • In the lungs,
  • Bloodstream.

Most types of worms prefer to live in the intestine, but in acute infestations of parasites are forced to migrate. Moving through the body, the parasites cripple the bodies that come their way. Migration can provoke incorrect treatment of folk ways.

Homemade methods based on the use of in hedgehog the bitter herbs and substances that do not taste the worms. Protozoa are sent from the intestine in search of more suitable for their life environment.

Human patients more susceptible to various diseases, the immune system loses its functionality. Infected people often suffer from viral and infectious diseases.

Sensitive the human body on the remains of life parasites. The victim observed the symptoms of intoxication acute allergic reaction. The processes that occur in the body after infection, do not have a fleeting character, and the person can go for years without noticing parasitic agent.

Types of worms

Parasites that cause human health problems, divided into three groups:

  1. Protozoa, protozoan, or parasites. Yes this group is toxoplasmosis, Giardia, Trichomonas. Protozoa live inside the human cells and multiply, destroy it. App transfer domestic and sexual.
  2. Helminths worms, or larvae that live inside a person. Among the most common are beef tapeworm, pinworm, Toxocara, roundworm, pinworm. Methods of transmission: domestic, through insects, animals, or dirty ground.
  3. Ectoparasites — live on the bell all humans: mites, lice, ringworm. The main source of food — human blood. On the skin are bruises, the bites itch and hurt. The danger in a variety of infections that they carry: fever, encephalitis.

The most difficult part in the treatment and diagnosis is the infection of helminths. It is important to recognize the signs of parasites in your body and know the main types of them.

Nematodes

Different nematodes are called round worms. Its name he received because of the shape intact. Within man, there are more than 45 species of worms, nematodes. Parasite light is spread through personal hygiene and unwashed vegetables or fruits. The size of the round worm, according to variety, the hell, hell starts and ends a few millimeters to tens of centimeters.

Whipworm

Among the most common roundworms are:

  • Pinworms — the main habitat is the human gut, a long worm and 1 cm During infection in humans symptoms: disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, exhaustion, anemia, a sleep disorder.
  • Roundworm — the length of the worm is 30 cm, it is able to migrate and settle in different parts of the body. When infected the person have symptoms of: acute allergic reaction, anemia, asthma, dermatitis. Once in the eyes or human liver, ascarids can cause serious and esneh diseases.
  • Trichinella — the size of the worm only 2-3 mm, the main habitat — the intestines. When infected cause the following complications: edema, allergic reactions, disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, fever.
  • The whipworm lives in the digestive tract, the size of the adult and 4.5 cm in humans, the parasite causes: anemia, weakness, poisoning of the body.

The level of severity of the disease associated with the number of parasitic agents in the body, their types and localization.

Trematodes

Flukes flukes are flat whole. All types of trematodes have suckers, which they attach and the walls of internal organs. The parasites feed on blood, Intestinal Pricenutrients and other secrets. Parasites in the human body only adults.

Before human infection of trematodes is the intermediate stage of your life in Celje another host: in fish, animal, insect. In the human body often gets together with bad processed food.

Among the common types are allocated trematodes:

  1. Opisthorchis or cat Fluke, a worm may a length of only 1-2 cm, the primary localization: the ducts of the pancreas, gallbladder, liver. In humans causes diseases: gastritis, ulcer, cholecystitis, pancreatitis. Hell is transmitted to animals and humans. Due to location in remote areas difficult parasite is diagnosed.
  2. Strongyloid or ugrica intestinal small flat worm, 2 mm. long and Resides in the digestive tract. Once infected the person identified pathology: anemia, asthma, bronchitis, asthenia, infertility.

All kinds of trematodes easy migrate throughout the body, causing mechanical damage of internal organs.

Cestodes

A parasitic tapeworm that lives in the digestive tract of a person. The length of the cestodes attain several tens of meters. Yes human goes to hell intermediate host — violent animals: cows, horses. In the human body, the larvae fall with a poorly roasted meat that a person consumes in a hedgehog.

Among the most common types of tapeworm are:

  • A tapeworm lives in the small intestine. In length can reach 3-5 m in humans causes disease: anemia, bowel obstruction, digestive disorders.
  • Pork tapeworm — it settles in the human intestine. A length of tape-worm reaches 7-8 m. the patient revealed obstruction of the esophagus, teniidoz of cysticercosis.
  • Beef tapeworm is the largest of human parasites. At length, the worm can reach 18 m. the person is observed with bowel obstruction, anxiety, allergies.

Larvae of all species of cestodes can damage internal organs and cause of the phenomenon is the appearance of the tumor.

Sources of infection

The main form of transmission of helminthiasis household. Among the possible sources of infection are:

  1. Personal hygiene items: towel, toothbrush, comb, bed linen,
  2. Dirty hands,
  3. Toilets in public places
  4. Insufficiently cooked meat or fish,
  5. Unwashed vegetables, berries and fruits
  6. The unboiled water from the tap or open source
  7. Unprocessed animal.
Trimming the nails of a child

Some types of parasites are sexually transmitted. Yes, such is trichomoniasis.

To prevent infection, it is necessary to observe personal hygiene and several times a day to wash hands with soap and water. In the absence of water and soap is recommended to treat the hands with an antiseptic solution.

Vegetables and fruits before eating washed in running water. Apples, pears and other fruits, which are used in e peel, it is recommended to wash with a special product or soap. Animals in the house once in 6 months handled a hell of helminths with the help of special medications. Water before drinking boil of the young child is given a special of the bottles.

Once a week the children cut the nails. Dirt under the nails clean every day. Easier to carry out cleaning of the nails with an old toothbrush or a special nail file.

Symptoms of helminthiasis

Clinic of internal organ differs according to the hell of the localization of the parasites in the body. But there are some common symptoms that occur when infected with any of the types of agents.

Intoxication

Parasites in the human body, the worms leave their waste products. The patient receives poisoning, which is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • Headache,
  • Nausea,
  • Weakness,
  • Decreased appetite,
  • Nervousness.

Allergy

An allergic reaction occurs at the initial stage in the form of skin rashes, which are hard to treat. After treatment, the rash disappears, but after some time again appears. Young children are observed diatasnya rash on the cheeks, neck, groin and armpits. Skin rashes are due to toxins that produce worms.

Have allergic or asthmatic parasites can cause mucosal edema, bronchial spasms, asthma attacks.

The increase in weight when infected with helminths

Weight change

When infected by helminths, a person can lose the Vaga. Associated loss weight a with the struggle for nutrients, which are consumed the parasite. Hello small parasitic agents can cause weight gain. Once in the bloodstream, unicellular circulation and metabolism in the body slows down. In humans, manifested by swelling and growing.

Hyperthermia

On the background of secondary pathologies in a patient with helminthiasis periodically increased temperature Yes 37.5 degrees. The temperature rises for no apparent reason and is accompanied by weakness, General malaise. The person feels tired, wants to sleep constantly. Symptom resolves on its own, as suddenly as the phenomenon had come.

Disorders of the digestive tract

Digestive disorders related to intoxication and development of parasites in the gut. Symptoms reminiscent of a goiter, and the patient is prescribed the wrong treatment.

In violation of the gastrointestinal tract, observed symptoms:

  • Bloating of the stomach,
  • Unstable stool (diarrhea and constipation),
  • Heartburn,
  • Pain in the stomach.

Anemia

Parasitic agent feeds on the nutrients, which are assigned to the owner. A person does not receive necessary quantity of vitamins and minerals. The increased iron in the blood falls. The patient feels weakness, General malaise. Skin and mucous membrane pale. Bad condition is accompanied by dizziness and frequent fainting.

When phenomena alenn any of these symptoms, you should contact and professionals and undergo a full body check for the presence of helminths.

Diagnosis of the disease

Before the appointment of treatment it is necessary to identify what type of parasite cleanse the body and where localized the worm. Most of the drugs developed to combat a particular type of helminth. There are generic drugs, but their efficiency is lower and the side effects they have more.

Imaging

The type of agent is determined by the following types of surveys:

  1. The analysis of a feces on eggs of the parasite,
  2. General analysis of blood
  3. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay blood
  4. Smear,
  5. The analysis of secretions of the duodenum,
  6. Ultrasound region of the gastrointestinal tract and liver
  7. Imaging.

Tomography is assigned if other research methods were not given the opportunity to present a complete picture of infection.

In case of negative result, some research methods are assigned again. The easiest way to determine the presence of the adult parasite in the human body. During the incubation period, the tests show a negative result.

When the diagnosis of the parasite, the doctor will immediately prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Therapy of helminthiasis

Treatment of helminthiasis multi-stage and will require hours of ad patients. The first step is to prepare the body and get rid of accumulated toxins. The patient is assigned sorbents. Cleaning the body of toxins ad lasts at least five Zen.

In the second stage the patient is prescribed antiparasitic agents. It is better if the drug is chosen individually for a certain type of parasite.

The stage of distillation of the parasites is carried out in two courses. The first course will kill adult worms in the human body. 10-14 Zen to replace the adult worms will come new ones that hatch from the eggs. The second course will kill a new individual.

The most important is the restoration of the third stage of treatment. The third stage is the recovery of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and immune system. The patient is prescribed a course of sorbent preparations. After ingestion of sorbents recommended medications that help in the digestive tract. Drugs are food enzymes and help to digest a hedgehog. The dosage is selected individually according to hell weight of the patient and secondary diseases.

At the same time added a multivitamin. As well as drugs to maintain immunity.

Any therapy is done under the supervision of a specialist. If helminthiasis is caused by infection with flukes or tape parasites, the therapy is done in the hospital. Parasite removal some types require surgical intervention.

Ginger root

Traditional methods of treatment

All the anthelmintic drugs are toxic and contraindicated for pregnant women. To expel the parasites of the popular methods that have no side effects.

A pronounced anthelmintic action have plants: tansy, wormwood, flax, cloves, ginger.

Popular drug, herbal — triple herbal. The drug is made simple at home: mix equal parts (1 teaspoon) tansy, wormwood, 10 PCs. cloves. The ingredients used are dry. Everything is grinded and mixed. Per day taken 1 teaspoon means drinking plenty of water.

Effective enema of infusion of wormwood and tansy. Enema performed within 10 days before going to sleep. At the same time inside taken for 3 tablespoons.

Helps to expel parasites fresh ginger. The root is crushed and applied to 1 teaspoon three times a day. To improve the taste of the ginger and mix added 1 teaspoon of honey and few drops of lemon juice.

To expel parasites helps a pumpkin. Its taste is pleasant, but not like helminths. In therapy the pumpkin seed oil, infusion of seeds and pumpkin pulp.

As a preventive measure every six months drinking on homemade triad or pumpkin seed oil.

During treatment, the patient adheres to a certain food: excluded from the diet: sugar, flour and drogisterij products, milk, butter. The main part of the menu consists of vegetables and dairy products.

Any species of parasites damage the body and after the expulsion of the worms and begin treatment of secondary pathologies.

Any treatment should be monitored by a specialist to determine the type of worms and select an effective drug for the treatment.

21.06.2020