How to treat worms in a child

So happens in nature that every organism has a neighbor who lives near him, often leads a parasitic way of life and can hurt. In plants, animals and people have such neighbors. They are called parasites. In humans, they often live in the gut. This neighborhood is susceptible to both adults and children. But most of the parasitic diseases affect children 2-7 years. How to treat worms in a child? A lot of options. Out of ten people infected with helminths, eight – children. There's a lot of different explanations. The main reason is the following:

worms in children
  • unwashed hands;
  • vegetables, fruits, non-processed water;
  • communication with Pets;
  • playing in the sandbox contaminated with the eggs of worms;
  • poorly cooked meat or fish dishes;
  • contact with a sick person.

At home parents need from a very early age to teach children the rules of personal hygiene. It takes a lot of time, but since childhood, the child will have the useful habit of washing hands after visiting public places, the toilet, after playing with animals and before eating. This will avoid the risk of Contracting various types of parasites and you will not need to treat the child for worms.

Species diversity of parasitic

Due to the fact that the child does not feel discomfort from unproduced hygiene, the germs and bacteria easily enter the body through dirty hands. Scientists are studying in detail this issue, and they revealed that of the nearly two hundred and twenty species of parasitic inhabitants in the human body may exist about eighty. The most common of those that occur in humans, it is roundworm and pinworm. At the same disease is called ascariasis. Usually parasites are divided into two main groups:

  • intestinal;
  • for for intestinal.

Live in intestinal tract and extraintestinal internal organs and is able to move around the body in the blood.

The most common intestinal diseases intestinal. Not every "intruder" is able to settle in the human body. There are several obstacles in the human body, to overcome that is not so easy. Sometimes the worms die immediately after being hit in the mouth – the active environment of the mouth destroys them. If this has not happened, and parasites trapped in the stomach, the gastric acid becomes destructive to parasites. In contact with the worms on, in intestinal local immunity of the digestive system, kills them, however, this happens only if the body is immune and is not weakened by disease or antibiotics.

Sometimes it happens that the barriers do not work, and parasites to feel fine in the body and develop into adults.

The most common worms children – pinworm and roundworm. But, in General, children are exposed to and these parasites:

  • round worms (pinworm, roundworm, Trichinella);
  • worms-flukes (Siberian Fluke, the liver Fluke and schistosomiasis);
  • flat, tape worms (tapeworm, tapeworm, tapeworm).

Helminths combined into three groups:

  • round worms class Nematoda;
  • flat tapeworms – cestodes group;
  • flatworms-flukes – a group of trematodes.

Each group has a large number of parasites that thrive in the body of the animal or human. They comfortably live in their host, multiply, devouring the intestinal microflora.

Representatives include the following parasites:

  • pinworms;
  • roundworm;
  • Trichinella;
  • vlasoglavy.

To the representatives of the cestodes include the following parasites:

  • beef tapeworm;
  • pork tapeworm;
  • dwarf parasite;
  • a tapeworm.

To the representatives of trematode parasites include the following:

  • cat Fluke;
  • pulmonary parasite;
  • shistosoma.

Representatives from each group much more, but this is the most typical and most common representatives of parasites. The place of residence of helminths – are not always gastrointestinal tract. Many species are moved around the body of its "host" with currents of blood, accumulate in the internal organs. When hit in the heart, kidney, liver, or staying under the skin, the parasites from the tissues. They poison the body with their waste products and cause significant harm.

Manifestations of helminthiasis

The danger of Contracting maintained all year round, but in summer, the probability is higher. Very often the disease is manifested during examinations in preschool, and parents are put before the fact of presence of parasites in children, their baby. At home the child is ill less often. There are certain symptoms that indicate the infestation of the child:

  • changes in appetite: your child or has no appetite or hungry all the time;
  • violations of the gastrointestinal tract – pain in the hypochondrium, nausea, constipation or diarrhea;
  • the presence of various allergic manifestations;
  • increased fragility of nails and hair;
  • anemia;
  • skin inflammation;
  • tearfulness, insomnia, frequent mood swings, restlessness - these symptoms inherent in the e form of the disease;
  • low levels of hemoglobin in the blood;
  • frequent headaches and dizziness.

Roundworms and pinworms are the most common types of parasites in children. The infection occurs only oral route. Cases in childhood are very common, and although the disease can be treated easily and quickly, should not be taken lightly to this situation. Careful parents should know the main symptoms of infection with helminths. Symptoms of ascariasis and enterobiasis are different. In enterobioze:

treatment of worms in children
  • intolerable itching of the anus, especially during night sleep;
  • child sleeps uneasily, tossing and turning, loudly grinds her teeth;
  • noticeable destabilization weight or stunted growth;
  • marked nervous manifestations: irritability; mood swings;
  • the child begins to experience difficulty in school: decreased concentration, perseverance, the child is distracted and inattentive;
  • urinary incontinence in girls.
  • stomach ache, nausea, feeling of fullness of the stomach;
  • the blood results low levels of hemoglobin;
  • beriberi;
  • frequent respiratory diseases with prolonged period of flow.

Ascariasis draw attention to these symptoms:

  • on palpation the enlarged liver, the child complaints of heaviness under the ribs on the right;
  • are skin allergies;
  • purulent rashes on the skin and mucous membranes;
  • disorders of the gastrointestinal tract – flatulence, loss of appetite, underweight.
  • redness and soreness around the anus;
  • pale skin, yellow;
  • weakness, fatigue.

Folk methods of treatment of helminthiasis

From our ancestors handed over to us a wealth of knowledge about how to treat worms in children. Many plants have specific ability to expel parasites from human bodies. Such plants include:

  • walnut;
  • St. John's wort;
  • grenades;
  • wormwood;
  • tansy;
  • thyme;
  • pumpkin and pumpkin seeds;
  • bow;
  • garlic.

Do not forget that the goal is not only to destroy worms, but also to mitigate the results of their aggression on the body. It is necessary to establish the General condition and reduce the consequences of intoxication. Be very careful when using folk remedies. Some of them can harm the baby! One should not forget, as a child years and take into account peculiarities of children's organism. If the use of pumpkin seeds is quite harmless, then garlic enema children are not recommended! Folk remedies will help relieve itching in the anal area and prevent re-infection. A decoction of chamomile in a compress or bath to ease the discomfort.

Impact of treatment against worms on the body

If the drug was prescribed by the doctor based on the age and characteristics of the child that it is not necessary to worry about the toxicity and hazards of such treatment. Most likely a single dose and repeat in a week (sometimes 7 days) will produce a sustained therapeutic effect. Feature of the treatment is such that the state of the baby will be marked short-term deterioration of overall health. This is due to the fact that the worms die in the body and produce toxins. To do this, in parallel with treatment against worms, the doctor will prescribe chelators. Children 2-11 years of age should carefully observe the dosage of medication and to follow what to treat worms.

Prevention of the disease by helminth infections

In order to prevent disease must be strict observance of norms and rules and hygienic norms. At home should need to control that the child performed certain behaviors.

Following the simple instructions, you can avoid this unpleasant disease. 7 basic rules:

  • qualitatively wash grown food;
  • to comply with the heat treatment of meat and fish;
  • to adhere to hygienic after using the toilet, and public places; wash hands before eating;
  • daily change underwear and wash;
  • after contact with Pets, remember to wash your hands;
  • if you live with a pet, regular treatment against worms.

If the child is ill and you have overcome the disease, to prevent re-entering you need to:

  • every night to change the child's underwear and ironed it with a hot iron;
  • change bedding at least once a week, and ironed with a hot iron on two sides;
  • monitor the nails of the child;
  • not be allowed to take the fingers into his mouth.

The implementation of these recommendations will help to avoid re-infection with worms.

29.09.2019